Kaylyn Waisbrot Kaylyn Waisbrot

TP 7 Grammar. (Modal Verbs of Obligation)
Upper Intermediate level


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Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of Modal Verbs in the context of Obligation

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide the vocabulary that would be used by an individual wanting to express their viewpoint with a modal verb


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T will display a slide to suggest the concept of life obligations. Ss will be asked to identify areas in which there are obligations. After these are brought forth, Ss will be asked to write down two specific obligations that they personally have and type them in the chat box (send them to T ). T will model one example and elicit one example before asking them to type theirs. They will be given only a minute to identify and note their 2 obligations.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Students will be presented with a dialogue conversation which includes the words used in modals of obligation vocabulary. These modals are highlighted in the text, but students will be asked to identify the words. It will be noted during this portion of the lesson, that modal verbs of obligation will include specific words. T will ask students to identify the word and note on a slide or whiteboard: must, have to, (need to if someone brings it up), should, ought to.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

4 sentences from the original text will be displayed. Slides focused on meaning behind the use of that particular modal will be discussed, pointing out distinctions. (Discussion of Appropriacy may arise during meaning portion) Next slides will focus on the form, placement in the sentence, the negative and the question form of the 4 words highlighted in the example sentences. Pronunciation slide will follow Any remaining Appropriacy distinctions will be brought forth. All of these sections will be done by eliciting from students their knowledge and clarifying.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ss will be sent a link of a variety of short exercises creating sentences that use the featured vocabulary. There are 3 short exercises and the group will complete the first one of each part and the directions clarified. They will be given 1 minute to start the form individually, then be sent into breakout rooms where they will complete the exercise with their partners. Class will reconvene and the answers will be reviewed.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ss will now be asked to refer to the 2 obligations that they identified in the Lead in. They will be sent to breakout room where they will be asked to describe one obligation in their life and asked to incorporate the modal verbs. They will alternate with their partners and then move to the second identified obligation. Ss will return to the open classroom where, time permitting, they will share some of the obligations using modals. T will use WB to identify any corrections in DEC.

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