Present Perfect
Upper Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will learn about the present perfect through guided practice based on activities. The lesson starts with a warm-up activity, followed by an explanation. Lastly, there is some controlled practice through sentence reformulation and free practice via a final role-play speaking activity.


Abc Gap-fill handout

Main Aims

  • To present the present perfect tense (have + past participle) with the function of talking about past actions that relate to the present time; to provide controlled and semi-controlled spoken and written practice of the present perfect tense.

Subsidiary Aims

  • for the students to be able to speak for fluency using the present perfect tense to answer some questions based on life experiences.


Warmer/Lead-in (4-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

I will display the PPT presentation. On the first page I have wrote 5 sentences about me in the present perfect tense. I will ask students if they have noticed similar words. Highlight the words and tell that include (has + verb) Ask Ss "what are they trying to show? Can you guess?" Tell Ss that they are trying to show my experiences. When you want to show an experience you will use the present perfect.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language

I will move on to the next slide in the PPT and start explain about the present perfect tense. Ask students: Is yesterday finished? (They should say it’s finished.) Ask them: Is today finished? (They should say it isn’t.). I believe it is the best best way to ensure that students understand when the present perfect is used to contrast finished and unfinished time. Then, I will introduce the Present Perfect – Irregular verbs.

Highlighting (2-3 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Put the Ss in breakout rooms to answer the questions.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Answer the questions together in the main room. Go back to the first slide of the PPT. Tell students that there is a false statement. Let the Ss make guesses. Give student 2-3 minutes to write about their own experiences. Ask them to write 2 True and 1 False statements. Send Ss to breakout rooms to discuss the sentences and try to find the false statement. I will be monitoring to check sentences structures.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Display the signal words. Give fill in the gap exercise. breakout rooms.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Discuss the answers. exersice 9

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