Stuart P. Horsey Jr. Stuart P. Horsey Jr.

B1 / Pre-Intermediate level


This'll be about grammar, specifically how to use articles properly in English. Using content from the handbook and different google documents, I will provide the students perspective on definite and indefinite articles, as well as multiple uses for them in English. There will be engagement on a more interesting topic as grammar can be dry, primarily about the subject of time capsules. The content is derived from pg. 47 in the student handbook.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification on types of articles in English and how to use them properly.
  • To introduce and practice articles.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide feedback on accuracy of pronunciation and proper phrasing on the subject of articles.
  • To provide examples of indefinite and definite articles to make a distinction between them.


Lead-in (4-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Using Google Jamboard, I will contextualize the lesson by asking students if they know what articles are, and then to present different articles, such as "the", "a" and "an", the most commonly used articles in the English language. The students will write on the Jamboard document.

Exposure (8-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

First the students will take five minutes to silently read a portion of text, and to answer three questions - two multiple choice and one short answer - in Google Forms. We will take three minutes to review the answers together in OCFB.

Highlighting (4-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

At this stage I will introduce the concept of definite and indefinite articles, i.e. when to use "a" or "an" appropriately as a rule (as there are exceptions). I will emphasize that it's the phonology and not the actual letter that dictates which indefinite article to use in any given context.

Clarification (9-9 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

One topic I will cover here is how connected speech occurs and functions with different articles e.g. "Have an amazing day" "The easiest way to get to the station". The MFP section of this lesson will mainly focus on pronunciation, because form and meaning are not complicated in the matter of articles. I will cite 'oddball' examples or 'exceptions to the rule' like "European" and "honor". I will also touch on how pronunciation changes depending on the following word's beginning with a consonant or a vowel. i.e. long e vs. short e. I will present IPA symbols in Google Slides and have them repeat these different pronunciations.

Controlled Practice (6-8 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Using Google Forms, I will present a controlled practice using content from the handbook, in order to practice grammar in a fixed manner, specifically where to use articles correctly in a paragraph, i.e. "fill in the blank" exercise, but in the style of multiple choice, for brevity's sake. This allows students to continue to analyze article usage and to use them in their appropriate contexts, ultimately preparing them for the final task. The students will go to breakout rooms, if applicable, or will perhaps just use the private messaging on Zoom.

Free Practice (10-12 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Depending on the number of students, breakout rooms may be used. In any case, I will present to them a document in Google Forms with which to answer questions in a 'short answer' or 'paragraph' format about what they'd put in a time capsule. I will begin with a mildly amusing multiple choice question to get them thinking about what would be most appropriate for a time capsule. The idea will be not only to use articles appropriately, but to use both definite and indefinite articles of their own volition, as a way to end the lesson in an empowering way for them. As this is a free practice, the answers are open-ended and give the opportunity to use grammatical articles correctly. There will also be time dedicated to the Delayed Error Correction portion of the class.

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