Ioanna Ioanna

Copy of Grammar: Past Perfect & Past Perfect Continuous
Upper Intermediate level


In this lesson students practice past perfect and past perfect continuous reviewing the usage. The lesson starts with two sentences and a differentiating the meaning. This is followed by target language focus with MFP. Finally there are controlled practice activities of circle the correct answer and fill in the blanks with past perfect and past perfect continuous, and a semi-controlled practice activity for fluency in speaking.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of the past perfect continuous tense and past perfect tense by reviewing differences in meaning.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation using past perfect tense.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

I will write up two sentences on the WB, and ask students to work in pairs to name the verb forms, state how they are formed and try to explain why they are used here. 1- In the kitchen she realized she had forgotten the mustard. 2- It had been snowing heavily and the visitor was wet. I will take feedback and highlight appropriate areas of form on the board. I will briefly draw a timeline to clarify meaning and explain the rules of the tenses.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

I will hand out a set of sentences in order to further introduce the tenses. First, I will have students work individually to find the differences in meaning between the pairs of sentences, then discuss with a partner. In FB, I will use CCQs and timelines to convey the meaning. I will also elicit the forms from the students.

Highlighting (8-10 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

I will move on to Ex.2. They will circle the correct answer (past simple, past perfect or past perfect continuous) Students will do the exercise alone first, then discuss their answers in pairs before feedback. I will go over feedback as clear and as fast as possible but if something is misunderstood, I will continue to ask CCQs and draw timelines when necessary during feedback.

Clarification (3-5 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

I will move on to an exercise regarding clarification of pronunciation of the past perfect. In particular it focuses on contractions, linking and weak forms. Before I play the tape, I will nominate some students to predict how the sentences will be said. Then I will play the tape so that they can listen to check and then repeat. We will be drilling. If there are confusions, I will put the phonetics on the board and go over it again.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Students will do the gap-fill activity on Ex.3 to further practice past perfect and past perfect continuous. At first I will establish a clear context for the sequence of events. I will write 'Why was the man covered in bandages?' on the WB to clarify that their task is to describe what happened in the events leading up to this. They are to give a reason by filling out the blanks appropriately. I will have them work in pairs for this exercise. We will do a quick WC FB to check the answers.

Semi-Controlled Practice (3-5 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

I will link Ex. 3 to a speaking activity to further practice past perfect and past perfect continuous. I will encourage students to use their imagination for additional ideas on 'Why was the man covered in bandages?' I will have them talk to each other and come up with things that might have happened to the man. I will take WC FB afterwards.

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