James Reckaway James Reckaway

Reading for Gist and Detail-Dog Wins Lottery Article
Elementary level


In this lesson, students will practice their reading skills for both gist and detail. They will read a newspaper article about a man who allows his dog to pick his winning lottery numbers. Students will first get a basic understanding of the text, then they will read for more detail to answer specific questions about the article. Students will then have some time to openly discuss things, practicing their speaking, with each other in groups.


Main Aims

  • By the end of the lesson, students will have had practice in reading a news article text for both gist and detail in the context of a dog picking winning lottery numbers.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide speaking practice in a conversation in the context of having a lot of money.


Warmer/Lead-in (6-10 minutes) • To build rapport as first class with students and to set lesson context and engage students

Begin the class trying to build rapport by discussing their Christmas (last week, Guillermo mentioned visiting family and Javier mentioned having to work Christmas Eve). Tell students we will be conducting another reading lesson today similar to last week. Stress the importance of reading (last week, Carmen mentioned she likes to read books in the evening). They will begin by splitting into pairs to answer two questions. 1-What is something you read in the past two days? (newspaper, menu, book, textbook...etc.). 2-Have you ever known a dog that was very smart? If so, explain. Bring class back together and have students tell the class how their partners answered the questions.

Pre-Reading (8-10 minutes) • To prepare students for the text by allowing them to understanding potentially problematic vocabulary.

We will discuss 3 words in the article that may be confusing or unknown to elementary level students (lottery, envelope, check). I will share a file with the students that contains images of the vocabulary words, plus "dog biscuit" for me to do as an example. It will also contain sentences with a blank where the vocabulary words would fill in that blank spot. I will do the first one as an example. Students will then split into two groups to read and answer the three questions, using the correct vocabulary word to complete the sentence. Once completed, we will come back together and discuss the answers the students came up with in their groups. I will then elicit feedback from the students for them to decide which syllable of the words are stressed (most nouns stress the first syllable). I will also discuss that to sound natural, "tt" in between two vowels usually makes a "d" sound...not a "t" sound.

While-Reading for Gist (5-6 minutes) • To provide students with a less challenging reading for gist task by choosing the correct title of the news article.

Students will be tasked with reading the article within two minutes and deciding what the best title for the article would be out of the three options. After two minutes, split the students into groups again and have them discuss their answers. The titles will be provided either by sharing a Word document or via Google Forms. Students will have two minutes to discuss what and why they think the title should be for the article. Once completed, the class will come back together and provide open feedback about the correct answer.

While-Reading for Detail (9-12 minutes) • To provide students with more challenging detailed reading tasks in order to answer specific questions about a news article.

Students will be given 5 minutes to read the news article in detail individually to answer the four questions about the article. If it appears students finish early then we will move the class forward to the next stage. Once students are finished individually, they will be split into groups again to discuss their answers with each other. They will be given 3 minutes to discuss their answers before returning to the class as a whole for open feedback.

Post-Reading (7-9 minutes) • To provide students with an opportunity to respond to the reading assignment and allow for speaking practice through open group discussion.

Students will split into two groups and talk openly for 5 minutes answering the following questions: 1-Have you ever played the lottery? If so, have you ever won any money? 2-What would you do with $13 million? Bring the class back together and discuss with students any Delayed Error Correction. Close the class by wishing them good luck the next time they play the lottery.

Web site designed by: Nikue