Cheryl Sunder Cheryl Sunder

TP8- Grammar Lesson
Upper Intermediate level


In this lesson students practice using verbs in relation to obligations (must, have to, should, etc.) in the context of decision-making.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of the use of verbs relating to obligations in the context of making decisions.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy when speaking and applying verbs related to obligations appropriate to the situation.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Show slide with question for discussion in BORs (3 mins): What are your daily obligations? Obligations = Something a person is required to do

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Gap-fill handout where learners decide whether "have to" or "should" fits best in the blanks. OCFD to follow and lead to discussion further of subtleties between the two

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Responsibility vs. Obligation? What is the difference? Introduction to target language addressing similarities between them. Use of Google slides

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

M/F/P Language Analysis with Google slides: Must, Have to, Should Review form, uses and distinctions of use and pronunciation.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Activity to complete by learners individually creating sentences using the best word matching the best action.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Discussion of text produced using BORs

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