Martha Abdelmasseh Martha Abdelmasseh

Grammar- Hypothetical possibilities with "if" second conditionals.
Intermediate level


Abc Power Point Presentation
Abc New Cutting Edge, Intermediate, SB
Abc Handouts

Main Aims

  • To provide the students with clarification of meaning, pronunciation and form of the second conditional if in the context of comparing responsabile social behavior of Europeans to that of Egyptians.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide the ss with fluency speaking practice in a discussion in the context of social behavior in hypothetical situations and their responses to these situation.


Warmer/Lead-in (4-6 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

I will focus ss attention on a picture of my friend David who is scratching a lottery ticket and thinking of different things. Next, I will ask the ss to guess what might David be thinking of. Then, to make the lead-in more ss centered, I will ask the ss to discuss the following question in pairs, "If you won 1 billion in the lottery, what would you do?"

Exposure (6-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text in Ex1 pg96

I will provide the ss with the proper instruction to read the text provided in the handout about poll results from a British magazine. Then, they will discuss in pairs what would the results be if this poll was made in Egypt.

Clarification (5-8 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language second conditional if in hypothetical situations.

I will use one marker sentence from the text to highlight three things such as meaning, form, and pronunciation. The marker sentence would be, " If I found a wallet in the street, I'd hand it in." First, I will clarify the meaning by asking the following CCQs: 1) Are we talking about the past, present, or future? (future or present) 2) Is this an imagined situation? Yes. 3) Is it likely to happen? No. Second, I will highlight the form on the whiteboard using color codes. I will focus on using the past form of the verb to talk about a hypothetical situation in the present or future. The form is Conditional if+ sub+ verb past form, sub+ auxiliary verb would+ v bare infinitive. Third, I will highlight and modal the pronunciation of the marker sentence. I will also highlight the word stress in the sentence, as well as, the intonation which will rise with the if clause and then falls with the main clause.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

I will demonstrate Ex1 with the ss by completing the first situation (a) with them. Then, I will ask them to work individually on Ex1. Next, the ss will check in pairs. Finally, I will display the answer key.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

For this stage, I will change the pairs. In Ex1a, the ss will read different situations. Then, they will decide what would they do in these situations. First, I will demonstrate the first question with the ss. Then, they will write down their responses. For Ex2b, the ss will compare their answers in pairs. During this exercise, I will monitor the ss to make sure that everybody is participating and write down any language error to address later in the FB.

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