Valeriya Lytvychenko Valeriya Lytvychenko

TP8 Grammar - Participle Clauses
Upper-Intermediate level


The focus of this lesson will be on grammar, to be more precise - on participle clauses. The lesson will start with a warm up during which students will be expected to identify which generation they belong to (baby boomers, generation X, generation Y or generation Z). Later, within the context of a short reading about different generations, students will be exposed to participle clauses. They will be expected to match the profiles of the generations with the generations' names. After that, students will go through a guided discovery process of meaning, form and pronunciation of participle clauses during the language clarification stage. This stage will be followed by controlled practice, semi-controlled practice and free practice stages drilling participle clauses within the same context of generations. Students will be exposed to different interaction patterns including quite an engaging game in Kahoot. At the end, there will be an open class discussion and delayed error correction.


Abc Kahoot Game "Controlled Practice"

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, practice and review of participle clauses (within the context of generations)

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide a speaking practice for fluency development (within the context of generations)


Warmer/Lead-in (5-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T. will start a lesson by showing an image with 4 generations on the screen, telling Ss. the date of her birth and asking Ss. to identify which generation she belongs to. After that, T. will send Ss. to breakout rooms on Zoom to discuss which generations they belong to and what they know about these generations. Ss. will have the link to Google Slides to be able to visualise the picture and questions while working on their own.

Exposure (5-5 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text

During this stage, Ss. will be exposed to the target language within the context of the topic of generations. T. will give Ss. a short text about 4 generations and will ask them to work in groups (breakout rooms on Zoom) and use Google Forms to match the profiles of generations with the generations' names.

Clarification (10-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language (participle clauses)

T. will use Google Slides with a series of CCQs and short tasks for Ss. to review the meaning, form and pronunciation of participle clauses. Ss. will be expected to understand the main uses of present, past and perfect participle clauses, identify their forms and clarify the pronunciation aspect.

Controlled Practice (5-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T. will use Kahoot to do the controlled practice of participle clauses in a more engaging game format. Students will be expected to complete the sentence with the participle form of the verb in brackets. Kahoot will be both showing the correct answers and displaying the leaderboard not only for the whole exercise but also for each individual question, motivating students to be more precise and more effective.

Semi-Controlled Practice (5-5 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

if the technological part goes smoothly, and there is sufficient time, T. will have a semi-controlled practice of participle clauses with Ss. asking them to work in groups (using breakout rooms on Zoom and Google Slides) to restructure the given questions using participle clauses.

Free Practice (10-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language (participle clauses)

T. will ask Ss. to work in groups (using breakout room function on Zoom and Google Slides) and discuss the questions from the semi-controlled practice making explicit use of the target language (present, past and perfect participle clauses). T. will monitor the process visiting the virtual rooms on Zoom and taking notes of Ss' performance in terms of content and target language (both positive and negative aspects).

Feedback and Delayed Error Correction (5-5 minutes) • To provide learners with feedback on the completion of the task and language

T. will ask Ss. what they have learnt during the class. T. will make a delayed error correction of the tasks, especially the final one.

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