Mahya Shojaie Mahya Shojaie

Present Continuous Tense Lesson
Elementary level level


In this lesson, students will learn present continuous tense. After a brief engagement and asking questions about what people are doing in the photos, we play a game in which ss are asked to mime some actions. To make ss get the meaning, some questions will be asked about 'ongoing' actions. Then I will explain the grammar and ss will be asked to drill chorally. I will provide a brief explanation, then elicit present continuous using gestures and asking questions. Students will work on a gap information activity, engaging them to ask questions about what their family members are doing now.


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Main Aims

  • To teach ss the 'meaning', 'form' and 'pronunciation' of present continuous tense
  • To provide practice of present continuous

Subsidiary Aims

  • To increase ss' fluency in using present continuous.


Warmer/Lead-in (2-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Show some pictures of people doing stuff. "Where are the people? (on the subway) What actions do you see? ( Talk, dance, eat, listen to music, read.) Encourage ss to produce sentences as much as possible.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Try to act this tense. Walk in the middle of the class, and tell the ss 'I am walking' and they are supposed to say 'yes' or 'no'. After doing the same thing with some other words, write the verbs you used on the board and ask ss to mime these words one by one and elicit present continuous using the verbs. Ask does any one of you play the guitar or any musical instrument? Are you playing the guitar now?No! but you play the guitar, you know how to play the guitar.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Here is where we 'explain' the grammar. I would write the formula on the board: Subject+be+verb+ing and ask ss to provide some sentences (which may be repetitive). Then I'll write down on the board the negative form and question form. I'll explain the most frequent usage of this tense (an ongoing action), touch upon some exceptions in spelling, and also tell them about the pronunciation.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Divide the ss into two groups. ask the first group to make sentences, then ask the second group to make the negative form out of that sentence. Do the same thing with making sentences and elicit the question form of the sentence. Then ask them to do the same in pairs and write down the sentences they made.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

I will show ss a photo on my phone, and make a sentence about it. Then I will ask ss to do the same. I will write down their mistakes, and when they finish I'll re-explain the parts they had problems with.

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