To provide clarification of present perfect tense + since and for in the context of in general. For students to use this tense in their English.
To provide accuracy with controlled practice and freer practice exercises.
Procedure (40-45 minutes)
-T greets Ss. - Because of it is the first lesson between the T and Ss, T starts a small game. -T asks some questions about herself and Ss guess the answers. - T provides feedback as needed. Then, Ss can know more about the T. - T gives some example sentences to Ss e.g. 'I came to Istanbul in 1995 and today I still live here'. - T asks Ss a question after these kind of examples, 'Like these examples we use a tense for these kinds of sentences. What tense do we use to talk about something that started in the past and is still true now?' -Ss answer the question and T shows the answer from the slide.
-T shows Ss a summary about the present perfect tense+ for and since. - T shows Ss the structure by using the white-board and draws a timeline for clear understanding. -T answers a question if Ss do not understand something from the summary or structure. -T shows the contraction on the white-board, then T uses finger technique for the contraction and do drilling for the pronunciation.
-T gives Ss a complete the gaps exercise. -T gives the instructions to Ss and to send the Ss into the breakout rooms. -Ss work in pairs or groups according to their number. -T shows the answers, Ss compare their answers. -T provides feedback as needed. -Then, T gives Ss another exercise about the tense. -T gives the instructions to Ss and to send the Ss into the breakout rooms. -Ss work in pairs or groups according to their number. -T shows the answers, Ss compare their answers. -T provides feedback as needed.
-T shows Ss a worksheet about the present perfect tense: for and since. -T gives instructions Ss and to send Ss into the breakout rooms. -Ss do the exercise in pairs or groups according to their numbers. -In the main room, Ss gives feedback what they have talked with their partner. -T gives feedback as needed, to correct Ss if they use the wrong structure for the present perfect tense.
- T thanks to Ss for their participation. - T praises good language, mentioning the name of Ss. -T asks Ss if they have any questions or any problems about the lesson.