TP-7, Grammar Lesson, Past Simple Tense, 3 Forms, Regular Verbs
To provide clarification of the past simple verb tense and its three forms, in the context of yesterday.
To provide accuracy and fluency in speaking practice, utilizing the past simple verb tense, when having a discussion with a partner about what he/she did yesterday.
Procedure (45-59 minutes)
Learners will be presented with Google Slides. Past Simple: used to describe an action that is finished/completed. The first Slide will ask "What did you do yesterday? Sample sentence stems will be given for students to choose from. Sample: Yesterday, I cleaned my ______. Yesterday, I emailed my ______. Yesterday, I worked ______ . Yesterday, I watched ______. Yesterday, I walked _____. Yesterday, I texted my _______. Yesterday, I visited my _______.
Simple Past- to describe/explain an action that happened in the past and that is completed/finished. Here, Pam is asking Laura what she did yesterday. Read this: Pam: What did you do yesterday? Laura: I walked yesterday and I studied my English lesson. Pam: Did you work yesterday? Laura: No, I didn't (did not) work yesterday. Pam: Did you visit your mother yesterday? Laura: Yes, I visited my mother yesterday. Pam: When did you visit your mother? Laura: I visited my mother at 5 o'clock. What did you do yesterday? Pam: I cleaned my house all day. I finished at 7 o'clock.
Teacher will tell learners to look at the words in blue in each sentence, paying attention to how they are spelled. The teacher will ask learners to explain to each other how the past simple is formed when: 1.) the verb ends in a consonant (add -ed.) 2.) the verb ends in a vowel (add -d) 3.) the verb ends in a y (change y to i, add -d)
Learners will first work individually, then in pairs to check their answers, and then engage in OCFB. Learners will match meaning to form, using the text sample as a guide: Meaning & Form Past Simple: Meaning Positive Statement of past action that is completed/finished. Form Subject + past simple form of main verb Negative statement of past action not completed/finished. Form Subject + didn't (did not) + base/infinitive form of main verb. Question about past action Form (Wh word) + did + subject + base/infinitive form of main verb. CCQs: If I say “I walked.”, then am I finished walking? (yes/no) If I say “I did not walk.”, then did I walk? (yes/no) If I ask you “Did you walk?”, then am I asking about now or the past (now/past). Pronunciation explained: Learners will be presented with and practice the three different pronunciations of the ending -ed. 1.) If the root ending of the verb ends in a /t/ or /d/ sound, then the simple past tense of the verb is pronounced as /ed/ and has an extra syllable sound added. (t or d) Examples: started, ended, visited, dated, painted, tested, decided. 2.) If the root ending of the verb ends in a y or an e or a voiced consonant (throat vibrates), then the simple past tense of the word is pronounced /d/. The /d/ is blended with the previous consonant. No extra syllable sound is added. (l, g, m, n, b, r, v, w) Examples: married, copied, studied, cried, smiled, saved, lived, closed, changed, emailed, played, cleaned, killed, grilled 3.) If the root ending of the verb ends in a sound that is not voiced (throat does not vibrate), then the simple past tense of the verb is pronounced as /t/. The /t/ is blended with the previous consonant. No extra syllable sound is added. (k, p, s, f, sh, ch, th) Examples: asked, jumped, worked, cooked, finished, walked, baked, checked. Pronunciation Practice choral, followed by individual.
Put these words together to make positive statements (finished/completed) Positive Statement Example: I visited my mother yesterday. 1. worked/all/I/day/yesterday 2. Psychology/I/yesterday/studied Put these words together to make negative statements (NOT completed/finished): Negative Statement Example: I did not visit my mother yesterday. 3. my/did/house/not/clean/I/yesterday 4. yesterday/play/I/basketball/not/did/ Put these words together to make a question about a completed action: Question Example: When did you work? or Did you work? 1. yesterday/did/clean/you/house/your/? 2. you/did/ work/yesterday/When? Answers: 1. I worked all day yesterday. 2. I studied Psychology yesterday. 3. I did not clean my house yesterday. 4. I did not play basketball yesterday. 5. Did you clean your house yesterday? 6.When did you work yesterday?
Write three questions to ask your partner about what he/she did yesterday. Examples: Did you _________ yesterday? When did did you _________? Who did you _______ yesterday? Where did you _______ yesterday? Ask your partner the questions and he/she will answer. Your partner will ask you questions and you will answer. Sample answers: Yes, I ________. No, I ____ _____ ______. I __________ until 5 o'clock. I _________ _________. I _________ __________ at _________.
Teacher will have learners share what they learned about what their partner did yesterday. Example: Paul cleaned his house yesterday. George did not work yesterday. Delayed Error Correction: Most likely pronunciation of the 3 sounds.