Upper Intermediate level
To provide clarification and practice of the habitual past: would and used to in the context of past experiences and thoughts.
To provide review of over other forms of past tense expression.
Procedure (33-45 minutes)
The teacher will prompt students to name the various forms of past tense. Rather than naming them, the teacher will write down what the students contribute in a Google Doc page. This will continue until students have named or exemplified: simple past (ran) past progressive/continuous (was running) past perfect (had run) past perfect progressive/continuous (had been running)
When we were young we would go swimming in the lake And we would splash around until our arms would shake The sky would carry us and take us to the sun We'd travel with the sea until our work was done Back then we used to run and play among the clouds But now we lost them in a world of endless crowds We used to sit and stare at an endless sea of eyes Our world was luminous with fields of fireflies The teacher will introduce the poem and quickly read it for the class. After reading, the teacher will ask some CCQs: What tense is this poem written in? How can we tell this is past tense? (when we were young/back then) Do you see any verbs acting strangely here? (used to/would) Is this a conditional would? After prompting students to explain these questions and clarifying the answers, the teacher will introduce these habitual forms as another way to express past tense.
Form: https://forms.gle/DCjawh1foD6w4Pan9 The teacher will give students 3 minutes to answer the form questions for themselves, and spend 2 minutes calling on students to explain their answers.
Teacher will go through the powerpoint: https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/1Jm-eWLDpbXFMKqdRAhY0UqpAJAJBf0bg8DqjBhgx47w/edit?usp=sharing When possible, the teacher will prompt students for the relevant information rather than providing it as a lecture.
Fill in the Blank form: https://forms.gle/AaBbtcyAvPDHno48A Teacher gives students 4 minutes to complete the form in breakout groups, and then spends 4 minutes reviewing the correct answers and why.
The teacher will split the groups into breakout rooms. The groups will discuss what they used to think, and compare that something they now think. If students can't think of any time they changed their mind, have them explain something they did using the habitual would. This is practice in expressing habitual past thoughts or actions, and comparing them to the present. Students will have four minutes to discuss and practice in the breakout rooms, and the class will spend four minutes sharing as a full group. Teacher has made notes of any delayed correction and appropriate feedback to make before the close of the lesson.