Abdulsalam Abdulsalam

Happiness, the usage of gerunds
Pre-intermediate level level


In this lesson, The Ss will learn how to use gerunds efficiently. By presenting the context of happiness at first, they have a clearer image of what the lesson will be. Once they have a clearer image of the context, they will be ready to accept the rule of gerunds. Starting with reading a small text, knowing new words regarding the topic; will enable them to use the rule quite easily. Ending the lesson with a discussion would benefit them perfectly.


Abc English file, 4th edition Pre-intermediate level by Christina Latham-Koenig and CliveOxenden
Abc Pictures
Abc PPt slides

Main Aims

  • • For the students to learn how to use gerunds in the context of describing happiness.

Subsidiary Aims

  • • For the students to practice speaking in the context of happiness.


Warmer/Lead-in (slides 1-2) (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

- T introduces the context of the lesson 'Happiness' and what it represents. -T asks the students about the things that could possibly make them happy. -T gives examples of his/her own for Ss to start brainstorming. -Ss discuss what makes them happy in pairs/groups in breakout rooms. -Ss discuss it with Ss and T.

Pre-teach Vocabulary (slides 3-7) (4-5 minutes) • To maintain the reading pace of the students.

- T displays pictures and tries to elicit the context of each picture. - T asks Ss to give examples; T puts the word in a sentence in case they couldn't. - T drills the new words. Ss try to say words correctly.

Exposure (slides 8-9) (5-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

-T displays exercise B on page 56, alongside the illustrations and text for the Ss to read. -Ss are given some time to read and tick the ones that match them. -Ss discuss what matches their preferences with other Ss in breakrooms. -Ss discuss it with T briefly. -T displays slide 3 and asks Ss about the verb that follows FINISH.

Clarification (slides 10-12) (7-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

-T displays page 138 (grammar bank slide 10) and explains the three types of gerund usage. -T try to give examples of each usage. -T displays slide 11, showing Ss the spelling rule of 'ing'. -T displays exercise A on page 139(slide12) and asks the students to take a screenshot and work in pairs in breakrooms. -Ss answer the exercise in turns and T confirms.

Controlled Practice (slide13-14) (5-7 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

- T displays slide 13 and try to elicit what the Ss learned. -Ss try to give more examples for each usage. -T displays slide 14 and answers it briefly with Ss.

Free Practice (slide 14) (4-5 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

-T displays slide 15 containing two discussion questions for Ss. -Ss discuss in pairs/groups as T subtly monitors Ss. -T steps in if needed only.

Flexi stage (3-5 minutes) • To provide an extra practical exercise on gerunds for the Ss in case there is extra time to use,

-T displays slide 15 (page 158 part 2) for ss to practice even more. -Ss answer in turns as T confirms the answers.

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