Upper Intermediate level
To introduce and practice present and past habits, repeated actions and states.
-Developing speaking skill fluency
-Developing reading skills: Skimming and Scanning
Procedure (38-45 minutes)
Teacher asks a question to engage students in the topic. Teacher models a question with a student, then students ask each other the same question. Question 1: Can you tell me an eating habit good or bad that you used to have or still have?
In order to expose learners to the target language, teacher asks students read quickly and get the general idea of the text, then they will complete some gaps about it, and check them via private messages, then OCFB.
Teacher guides the discovery or meaning through the uses of CCQ´s (Concept Check Questions) to hightlight and clarify meaning of the target language using the previous reading text so, they work in pairs to make assumptions on the language patterns. MEANING - CCQ´s * So, when Ellen says: " so my husband Bernie and I used to go to dinner every night" What is she expressing? A past habit, a repeatedly action. Is this a present or past habit? How do you know? * In the expression: " I would have liked to have dinner a little more light" What is Ellen talking about? A past habit or repeated action. * "Bernie has opted for the habit of going to tacos at least once a month" Is this a past habit or repeated action? Repetead action What tense is it? In Present Continuous. FORM - Form to talk about past habits, repeated actions and states: (+) Bernie used to say that the more fat the food had, the better it tasted. S + used to + verb infinitive (-) Which is why I did not use to cook at home. S + did not + use to + verb infinitive (?) What did they use to dinner? Mexican snacks. Wh + did + S + use to + verb infinitive + ? -Form to talk about past habits and repeated actions: (+) I would have liked to have dinner a little more light. S + would + verb infinitive (-) I would not have liked to have dinner a little more light. S + would not / wouldn´t+ verb infinitive (?) Would I have liked to have dinner a little more light? Would + S + verb infinitive + ? -Form to talk about typical behaviors: (+) We are working out daily. S + be + verb. Ing (-) We are not working out daily. S + be not + verb. Ing (?) Are we working out daily? Be + S + verb. Ing + ? PRONUNCIATION (+) used to /juzd tʊ/ (-) did not use to /dɪd nɑt juz tʊ/ - There is linking between the words: “not”, “use” and “to”. (?) Did I use to /dɪd I juz tʊ/ - There is linking between the auxiliary “Did” and the subject, “used” and “to”. would /wʊd/ - Letter “L” is a silent letter.
Teacher provides some sentences where students have to fill the gaps with the verb in parentheses, check them in pairs via private messages, then OCFB.
Teacher gives a short reflection to the students and a question to talk about it in pairs in the breakout rooms, then teacher conduct feedback on the task. - Short reflection: Just as Bernie and Ellen gave up bad habits to opt for a healthier life. - Question:What is the difference between your habits from 3 years ago and those of now?
Teacher asks one or two participations from students who voluntarily want to share how their lives have changed thanks to a good habit they have acquired or bad habits they have stopped.