Elizabeth Cruz Rojas Elizabeth Cruz Rojas

Elizabeth Cruz_TP2_LP2_
Upper Intermediate level


Lesson B: Lexis


Main Aims

  • To introduce and practice connecting words for reason and contrast in the context of April fools

Subsidiary Aims

  • Developing speaking skills: vocabulary, pronunciation and fluency.
  • Developing reading skill - skimming.


Warmer/Lead-in (1-2 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students to the best known joke in our country.

Teacher tells students the date and what happens in that speacial day where jokes are made in our country.

Text-work (7-8 minutes) • To expose learners to the target language and develope reading skill-skimming.

Teacher asks students read quickly and get the general idea of the text, then they will answer general questions about it and check them via private messages, then OCFB.

Language Clarification (11-12 minutes) • Help students understand and use vocabulary successfully.

Teacher elicits vocabulary, uses examles and CCQ´s (Concept check Questions) to make meaning clear: 1. However (adverb) /haʊˈɛvər/ Despite whatever amount or degree, 'however' is formal and is used in writing and formal Speech. It can be placed at the beginning of the sentence or in the middle. You must include a comma after expressing it. • e.g. However hungry I am, I never seem to be able to finish off a whole pizza. • e.g. If Emma likes something she'll buy it however, much it costs. - In what context can it be used? Formal - Where in the sentence can it be placed? Beginning or middle. - Can you think about an example? In spite of (noun) / ɪn spaɪt ʌv / Express a contrast, is used before one fact that makes another fact surprising), the synonym is despite, the only difference and the reason why we confuse the two is "in spite" has the preposition "of" while "despite" does not. To avoid mistakes, remember: In spite of + noun. Despite is a Little more formal tan in spite of and can go to the beginning or the end. • e.g. In spite of his injury, Ricardo will play in Saturday's match. • Jane's been unfaithful to Jim three times, but he still loves her in spite of everything. - In what context can it be used? Formal - Where in the sentence can it be placed? Beginning and end - Preceded by the "of" what is used? A noun. - Can you think about an example? Even though (adverb) /ˈivɪn ðoʊ / It is use as a result, has the same meaning with “although” and “though” but this is the most powerful expression.It can go at the beginning of the sentence or in the middle. If it goes to the beginning, we will put a comma. If it goes in the middle of the sentence we will not put a comma. • e.g. Even though he left school at 16, he still managed to become minister. • e.g. You keep talking even though I've told you to be quiet. - In what context can it be used? Formal - Where in the sentence can it be placed? Beginning or middle -If it goes in the middle of the sentence, Where will we put the comma? Do not get a comma. - Can you think about an example? Whereas (conjuction) / wɛˈræz / Used to express contrast or comparison in a formal writing, compared with the fact that, but. Form: Whereas + subject + verb. It is placed in the middle of the sentence and is preceded by a comma. • e.g. He must be about 60, whereas his wife looks about 30 • e.g. You eat a huge plate of food for lunch, whereas I have just a sandwich. - What does it express? Contrast - Where in the sentence can it be placed? Middle - Can you think about an example? As (conjunction, preposition and adverb) / æz / Used in comparisons to refer to the degree of something. Is considered more formal tan because. - as a conjunction (connecting) two clauses): As I was leaving, the phone rang. The results were not as bad as I had expected. - as a preposition (followed by a noun): He works as a waiter. - as an adverb (followed by and adjective, and adverb or a word such as “much” or “many”): Nylon is cheaper than leather, and it's just as strong. - Can you think about an example as a conjunction, preposition or adverb? Due to (preposition) / du tʊ / As a result of: because of. Has two uses, formal and informal. • e.g. Marjorie’s car troubles are due to (result from) a problem with the alternator. • e.g. Some people say that Vancouver’s growth has been due to (has resulted from) the arrival of wealthy immigrants. - In what context can it be used? Formal and informal - What does this preposition express? A result - Can you think about an example? Instead of (preposition) / ɪnˈstɛd ʌv / In place of someone or something. Do not confuse it with instead (without of) which is used differently (as an alternative). - instead of + noun: I´ll have tea instead of coffee. - instead of + a name: I´ll go instead of Jhony. - instead of + pronoun you, us, etc.: I'll go instead of him. - instead of + verb + ing: He went alone instead of waiting for me. Don't forget that a verb coming directly after instead of must be in the -ing form: I want to keep fit so I walk everywhere instead of driving. - Can you think about an example using a name, pronoun or verb?

Controlled Practice (7-8 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Students read carefully some sentences and re order them using word/phrases. When they are done, students compare answers in pairs via private messages before OCFB.

Free Practice (5-6 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language and develope speaking skill.

Teacher gives a question to discuss in groups, the teacher conduct feedback on the task. Question:1.- Do people in your country play practical jokes on one another? If so, what kind?

Post (Response the task) (8-9 minutes) • Students are able to apply what is seen in class in a real context through the development of speaking skill.

Teacher takes up the theme of the joke that happens on December 28 in mexico, then asks for two participations of students to tell the joke that they have made on this day, before OCFB.

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