Present perfect lesson plan
To provide clarification of The Present Perfect Tense in the context of First dates
To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of Life experience
Procedure (44-59 minutes)
Show a picture of a young couple on their first date. Get students make guesses about the situation in the picture. Ask Ss if they are in a business meeting or a romantic date.
T asks "On a first date, what kind of questions do you ask to your partner?" " What do you want to know about this person?" "Do you want to know what this person had for lunch yesterday? OR Do you ask questions about his/her life experiences in general?" Do you ask questions such as " Did you go to the dentist last week ?" or do you want to know if this person has ever been an exotic place?" T gives Ss a handout including a dialogue on a first date. T gets them in pairs. T gets Ss underline the questions. T asks ICQs to check if they understood the task. What do we underline? The Answers or The Questions?
Check the answers as a whole class. " Which sentences did you highlight?" T writes an example question from the dialogue.
Elicit the name of the grammar structure. Do you know the name of the tense ? (Ss say Present Perfect) When do we use this tense? We use the present perfect to talk about experiences we have had in our lifetime. We use the present perfect when talking about an action happened at some point in the past. The date or time of the action is not important. The focus is on the action, not when. The rules of use are very simple. 1. The action must take place (including its termination) in the past. 2. The action, although completed in the past must have an impact in the present. 3. Although the action is in the past, the tense form is in the present, because the sentence expresses that there is an impact; it is NOT about the action. For this reason, you cannot use a specific timeframe (eg ‘Yesterday’) The present perfect is made using have/ has and a past participle verb e.g. climbed. T draws a timeline. Asks when the action happened. The present perfect of any verb is composed of two elements : the appropriate form of the auxiliary verb to have (present tense), plus the past participle of the main verb. The past participle of a regular verb is base+ed, e.g. played, arrived, looked.
Students will be given a handout with Exercise 2. Answers will be discussed as a whole class activity.
Ss will be given handout with Exercise 3. Instruct them that they are to complete the missing sentences in the dialogue. Ask ICQs. Do we write anything new? What do we do? Answers will be discussed with their partners.
T walks round and monitors the use of present perfect. Writes down some mistakes the Ss made during the speaking activity on WB. T asks if there is something wrong with them and what is wrong. Correct the sentences.