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Present perfect lesson plan
Pre-Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will be introduced to present perfect tense through guided discovery based on a conversation on first dates. The Ss will be presented with interrogative and affirmative forms of the structure.


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of The Present Perfect Tense in the context of First dates

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of Life experience


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students, To arouse an interest in the topic, - To make a smooth transition to the lesson

Show a picture of a young couple on their first date. Get students make guesses about the situation in the picture. Ask Ss if they are in a business meeting or a romantic date.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a situation

T asks "On a first date, what kind of questions do you ask to your partner?" " What do you want to know about this person?" "Do you want to know what this person had for lunch yesterday? OR Do you ask questions about his/her life experiences in general?" Do you ask questions such as " Did you go to the dentist last week ?" or do you want to know if this person has ever been an exotic place?" T gives Ss a handout including a dialogue on a first date. T gets them in pairs. T gets Ss underline the questions. T asks ICQs to check if they understood the task. What do we underline? The Answers or The Questions?

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Check the answers as a whole class. " Which sentences did you highlight?" T writes an example question from the dialogue.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Elicit the name of the grammar structure. Do you know the name of the tense ? (Ss say Present Perfect) When do we use this tense? We use the present perfect to talk about experiences we have had in our lifetime. We use the present perfect when talking about an action happened at some point in the past. The date or time of the action is not important. The focus is on the action, not when. The rules of use are very simple. 1. The action must take place (including its termination) in the past. 2. The action, although completed in the past must have an impact in the present. 3. Although the action is in the past, the tense form is in the present, because the sentence expresses that there is an impact; it is NOT about the action. For this reason, you cannot use a specific timeframe (eg ‘Yesterday’) The present perfect is made using have/ has and a past participle verb e.g. climbed. T draws a timeline. Asks when the action happened. The present perfect of any verb is composed of two elements : the appropriate form of the auxiliary verb to have (present tense), plus the past participle of the main verb. The past participle of a regular verb is base+ed, e.g. played, arrived, looked.

Controlled Practice (7-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Students will be given a handout with Exercise 2. Answers will be discussed as a whole class activity.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Ss will be given handout with Exercise 3. Instruct them that they are to complete the missing sentences in the dialogue. Ask ICQs. Do we write anything new? What do we do? Answers will be discussed with their partners.

Speaking Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

T walks round and monitors the use of present perfect. Writes down some mistakes the Ss made during the speaking activity on WB. T asks if there is something wrong with them and what is wrong. Correct the sentences.

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