Anna Carrera Anna Carrera

Anna Carrera TP8
Upper Intermediate level


Lesson to review modals verbs of possibility and certainty.


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide a review of the modal verbs of certainty/possiblity in the present tense.

Subsidiary Aims

  • Students practice speaking and reading in the context of possibilty/certainty.


Lead-in (3-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T tells students: What do you do when you lose something? Do you look for it in all the places you went to? Do you wait until it appears? You think about what is possible?

Exposure (7-8 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language through a text or situation

T tells students: I lost my phone. I don't know where it is. When I lose something, I write down all of the places I have been and see if I can figure out where my thing is. T shows Ss text of her day. Ss underline the verbs/verb phrases (modals) that indicate certainty or possibility.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

(M) T asks Ss to place the underlines verbs/verb phrases on a scale from highest certainty to lowest certainty. Must -------------could /might /may ------------------can't . Match the rule to the appropriate position on the chart. We use _____ when we feel sure that something is true. We use ______ when we feel sure that something is impossible. We use ______ to say it is possible that something will happen or is happening now. We use ______ to say it is possible that something will not happen or is not happening now. CCQ: how sure is "must be"? Less than 100% but more than 50% What is my reason for saying must be instead of might be/could be? A: degree of certainty What indicates a higher degree of certainty in my text? A: some evidence or deduction How sure is "can't"?. Less than 100% but more than 50% If I say: I can't look for my phone because I have to go to work. I could call Marta and see if she has it. Am I talking about degree of certainty? No: ability If I say: Maybe my phone is at Marta's house. Is this the same meaning as: My phone may be at Marta's house? A: yes. Is Maybe and May be the same? No: Maybe is an adverb, May be is a verb phrase. Maybe can't act as a verb. (F) modal + base form verb must + be might + go present tense or future tense verb is always in base form auxiliary verb that modifies another verb in bare infinitive no "to" before the verb no -es, -s ending CCQ: What always comes after the modal in the sentences? A: base form of verb Are we talking about my phone in the present tense or in the past tense? What tells me it is present in stead of past? A: "be" in must be or might be (P) Word stress: on the modal, words of emphasis. My phone might be in the car. My phone can't be in the kitchen. Where is the linking? Weak form pron of "t".

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T gives Ss sentences with the modals missing. Individually Ss complete the gaps based on the surrounding information (deduction/evidence). Peer feedback in pairs. OCFB.

Free Practice (7-9 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

T tells Ss to talk about three things that are possibility (positive) for them today one thing that is a possibility (negative) , taking care to use each of the three modals of possibility. I might go for a jog this evening. I could go to a movie with my friend Marta. She will call me if she leaves work early. I may make dinner earlier today because I am very hungry. I might not be able to finish the assignment on time if I go out tonight.

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