Grammar - defining relative clauses
To provide Ss with the presentation, practice and production of defining relative clauses to describe people, places, and things in the context of word games.
To provide speaking practice of defining relative clauses for description of people, places, and things in the context of word games.
Procedure (45-58 minutes)
-T asks Ss do you like games? -Do you like word games? -What are some popular word games that you know? -What are the rules?
-T shows 3 sentences where Ss have to complete with who, which, or where. -T gives time for Ss to reply and check, about 2 minutes, or less.
-T shows the slide on defining relative clauses with who, which, where. -T plays the audio 3.16 for students to listen and read the sentences. -Ss repeat the sentences chorally.
-T shows the slide and asks Ss: When to use defining relative clauses? -T asks: Do we use defining relative clauses to explain what a person is or does? Yes. Do we use defining relative clauses to explain what a thing is or does? Yes. Do we use defining relative clauses to explain what a place is or what you can do in that place? Yes. -T asks and Ss reply: We use who for a... person. We use which for a... thing. We use where for a... place. -T asks and Ss reply: Do we need a subject after where? Yes. Can we also use which to talk about a place? Yes. In this case, do we need a subject? No. Can we write the verb after which? Yes. -T shows the slide for 'THAT'. -T asks Ss about 'that'. Is 'that' a relative pronoun? Yes. Can we use it instead of who or which? Yes. Do we change the meaning by using 'that'? No. Is 'that' formal or informal? Informal. -T shows: This is the book that I told you about vs. This is the book I told you about. -T asks: what is the difference? There is no relative pronoun. What is the subject in the main clause? This. What is the subject in the relative clause? I. Is it the same subject? No. It is different. When we have a different subject, can we omit the relative pronoun? Yes.
-Individually, Ss complete the exercise 'match the sentence halves', in the slides. 3 min. -In pairs, for 2 minutes, Ss compare answers. -Back in the main room, T and Ss have feedback and check against the answer key. 2 min. -T shares the link to Google Forms for Ss to fill in the blanks and complete the definitions with who, which, or where. -In pairs, Ss complete the exercise in 3 minutes. -Back in the main room, T and Ss check the answers against the answer key. 2 min.
-T shares the link to Google docs for Ss to write sentences with who, which, or where. -Ss in pairs help each other to write the sentences. 4 min. -T and Ss have feedback as a group to check the answers. 2 min. -Individually, Ss complete sentences about themselves and add 2 or 3 more sentences. 3 min. -In pairs, Ss talk about their sentences. 3 min
-In two groups, Ss will prepare words and their definitions using defining relative clauses, who, which, and where. Ss will write two things, two places, and two persons. -In the main session, the two groups will compete with each other for points. -Team A can pick a category: thing, place, or person, and Team B will say one of their definitions for Team A to guess. -Next, Team B will pick a category and Team A will say one of their definitions for Team B to guess. -One point per correct answer.