Marius Marius

TP 3: Grammar (Perfect Tenses)
Upper Intermediate level

Description

In this lesson students will be introduced to the Past Perfect, Present Perfect and Future Perfect Tenses. MFP will be performed for each tense and after a brief Lead-in with a brief listening task to become familiar with the tenses. The Controlled Practice will be lengthy to fully test the learners retention and close off with a Freer Practice which involves all tenses.

Materials

Main Aims

  • To provide practice, clarification and review of the past perfect, present perfect and future perfect tenses in the context of accomplishments, stories and goals for the future

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a using the past perfect, present perfect and future perfect tenses in the context of speaking about skills/lessons learned, funny stories and future goals
  • To provide gist and deduction listening practice using a text about the accomplishments and goals of three individuals

Procedure

Lead-in (2-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students on the overall topic of accomplishments of the past and future

Teacher will instruct class to speak to each other in group of 3 about - "Something you have achieved in the past and something you want to achieve in the future." The learners have 3 minutes to speak. Teacher monitors learners.

Exposure (0-3 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Teacher plays an audio recording for the class (2:18 long).

Highlighting (2-3 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Teacher briefly speaks about the individuals in the audio recording to give the learners an awareness of what was said and the context of time of occurrence. Teacher introduces the TL "marker sentences".

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Teacher introduces the concepts of the time line and begins the lesson. Teacher starts with the Present Perfect Tense. Using the example of the marker sentence from the audio the teacher shows MFP with mini drills. CCQ's performed. Teacher moves on to Past Perfect Tense. Using the example of the marker sentence from the audio the teacher shows MFP with mini drills in pronunciation and questions on tense. CCQ's performed. Teacher closes with the Future Perfect Tense. Using the example of the marker sentence from the audio the teacher shows MFP. CCQ's performed.

Controlled Practice (10-16 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Learners are instructed to work individually. Learners are given a Worksheet of 14 questions to complete in 10 minutes. Worksheet comprises of a variety of questions testing the full extent of the TL information presented. Learners are then instructed to compare their answers before submission for 3 minutes in Breakout Rooms. Once responses have been submitted the teacher performs DEC where necessary

Freer Practice (10-12 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Teacher instructs learners to perform each of the following within 10 minutes while in groups of 3 using Breakout Rooms. 1. Use the present perfect tense to speak about something you have learned about this year. (a new skill, a new dish etc.) 2. Use the past perfect tense to tell a funny story about something that happened to you in the past. 3. Use the future perfect tense to speak about anything you will be doing in the future. (any future plans) Learners are monitored. Teacher performs DEC where necessary. Congratulate learners and end class

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