Muhammad Muhammad

W&H questions
Elementary level


In this lesson, the main aim is to enable students to learn and practice the functional language of the W&H questions through the context of astronaut's life on a Space Shuttle. Students will discover Meaning, Form, and Pronunciation using grammar references. There will, also, be controlled and free practice for the students to get the optimum benefit from the lesson. Sub-aim is to develop students' fluency in using W&H questions in social situations.


Abc Pictures

Main Aims

Perhaps the most important element of any plan is the part where we say what our aims are.Jeremy Harmer in The Practice of English Language Teaching

Subsidiary Aims

  • To enable students to develop their productive skills by practicing the W&H in real-life situation.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students by expose them to some space's questions and pictures.

Teacher projects an image for the students to grab their attention, motivate them to think and talk about the topic, and activate their Top-down processing.

Pre-teaching Task (6-8 minutes) • To enable students to discover different types of the W&H questions in a listening context.

Teacher provides a quick explanation for new lexis as well as an initial easy listening task for the students to expose them to different types of W&H questions. After listening, students will have to match questions with correct answers (question 2 from student book) to check their understanding. students will work individually then in pairs to share their knowledge and get more confidence before the whole class pattern discussion. Teacher discusses students' answers in Open Class Feedback (OPFB). Teacher uses PP presentation and an audio recording by his own voice.

Clarifying Meaning, Form, Pronunciation (10-12 minutes) • To enable students to understand the grammatical functions of W&H questions

Teacher explains Meaning, Form, Pronunciation of W&H questions provided in the Student Book page 69 as well as the grammatical/sentence structure. Teacher uses PowerPoint presentations, asks Concept Checking Questions (CCQs), and provides examples to ensure students' understanding. anticipated problems: 1. Students may get confused about the "wh" pronunciation. So, the teacher stresses the pronunciation part and get them to repeat the words. 2. Students might get confused about the spelling of "where" and "were" simple past of "be". Then, the teacher stressed the spelling of two words on the board.

Controlled practice (10-12 minutes) • Check students' use of the target language in and the use of sentence/grammatical structure.

Teacher asks students to do exercises (circle the correct question word/make questions) from the student book page "69" to check their understanding of the target language. Teacher uses Google form to carry out the exercise. Students do the exercise individually, then share their ideas in pairs. Finally, Teacher discusses ideas in an Open Class Feedback (OPFC).

Free practice (5-7 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Teacher assigns the students to small groups to have a role play. Students need to use W&H questions in real-life situations such as asking for favorite hobbies, people they live with, reasons for studying English, how many lessons did they studied ...etc to develop their productive skills, paying attention to the grammatical/sentence structures they have been taught. The teacher observes the practice closely and provides Delayed Error Correction (DEC) when required.

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