Vikramjit Bal Vikramjit Bal

TP3 LP_Vikramjit Bal
B2 Upper Intermediate level


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide practice and review of direct and indirect questions in the context of personal information

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of personal questions


Warmer/Lead-in (3-4 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T says "Let's jump right in! Today's topic is about direct and indirect questions. I would like for you to get into pairs and talk about questions that you wouldn't ask someone you just met. An example of this would be asking someone's salary when you first meet them. Don't actually answer the questions; just talk about what the questions would be. You have 2-3 minutes. T opens Breakout rooms and closes them after 1 ½ minute since Zoom gives 60 seconds to close the rooms.

Exposure (3-5 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

T closes rooms and continues: "The reason I bring this up is to talk about the way we ask people questions. Some questions are just outright inappropriate to ask, but other times a question might be appropriate, but we don't want to be too direct about it, so we ask it indirectly. This is what we are going to practice right now. I am going to send you a Google Forms link and you will have to answer fill-in-the-blank questions. These are two people who are talking about what type of questions they would ask a potential roommate. The dialogue might be familiar to you since you listened to the audio of it with Meghan a few weeks ago. Here is the Google Forms link and you will have 2 minutes to answer these questions alone. Don't worry if you don't finish because we will go over these questions afterwards." Link:

Highlighting (2-5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

T conducts OCFB. What did you all think of the activity? Were there any confusions? T answers questions Ss might have, and then goes briefly over the answers. This should not take long, and there is no reason to go into deep explanations of the answers because this will be covered in the next section. Answers: #2 "how much you" #4 "what you do" #5 "whether you" #6 "do you mean" Highlights (if needed): #2 The reason the answers is "how much you earn" and NOT "how much DO you earn" is because in indirect questions, we do not use "do, did, does." We can usually omit that. If there are two "do's," however, you only omit the first one.

Clarification (10-12 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T shares screen of Google Slides: Note the starting time. This should not run over 10-11 minutes. Skip slides 6 and 8 if needed. Slide #1: T explains: The main difference between an indirect and a direct question is that indirect questions start with an introductory phrase. This includes one of the following: Could you tell me…. Do you know… I’d like to know… Would it be possible… Is there any chance… I was wondering… Would you mind.... Slide #2 So in Question #2, we had the phrase "Could you tell me how much you earn?" T nominates Ss to answer the questions on the slide. Answers: Is this a direct or indirect question? (indirect question) How can you make this into a direct question? ("How much do you earn?" Remove Intro phrase and add "do.") Is this an appropriate question to ask someone you've just met? (Not really, unless someone is coming to you for professional advice regarding finance, people don't normally ask this.) How to build an Indirect question. Slide #3: Where do you work? Is this a direct or indirect question? Slide #4: It is a direct question. Go over instructions about building an indirect question. Slide #5: Most of the slide is self-explanatory. Be sure to clarify that indirect questions can also be used if we are asking something personal, and we would like to give the other person a choice of whether or not they would like to answer. Slide #6 "I was wondering if you're free tonight." This is still considered an indirect question even though it's a statement. This is another way to ask someone information without being too direct. You are implying the question. Slide #7 Say the first two questions with a downward intonation, and then an inquisitive or upward intonation. Which one is more correct? Then ask Ss to try an exercise. Take your hand and do a downward motion when you read both questions. Then do it again, but do an upward motion. Did anything change? The upward motion may have caused you to have a "questioning" intonation. Allow Ss time to experiment if needed. Slide #8: Yes/No questions add an If/Whether before the subject.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

"Now I have an exercise for you to practice creating Indirect questions." T sends Google Form link: "You will do this by yourselves for 4 minutes, and then I will put you in pairs to go over them together for 2-3 minutes. Then we will go over the answers." Answers: #2 Do you have any idea how long you plan to study? #3 Can I ask what you do in the evenings? #4 Do you mind me asking whether you have a full-time job? #5 I'd be interested to know which countries you've visited. #7 Do you know if there's a good cafè near here? #8 I was wondering if you'd like to come for a coffee. T conducts OCFB for 2 mins.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

T poses last activity: "For the last activity, I would like for you to get in groups of 2-3 and take turns asking each other indirect questions. The goal is to get to know each other a little better. Here is a Google Jamboard with some suggestions: The topic can be anything, but there are some suggestions provided for you. I've also written some things you could say if you do not feel comfortable answering a question. These phrases can be very useful when you're put in an uncomfortable situation!" This activity should take about 7 minutes or more, depending on the available time. T conducts OCFB as time allows.

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