TP 8_Grammar_Must, mustn't and needn't
To provide clarification, practice and review of must, mustn't and needn't in the context of social rules, the law and life in general.
To provide product writing practice of a dialogue using must, mustn't and needn't.
Procedure (45-57 minutes)
On w/b T puts pictures of certain rules any student must follow in a classroom and asks Ss what words come to mind. In this way T elicits meaning of modal verbs must and mustn't. Eg. You ______sleep in class. Then T presents another set of pictures to elicit needn't. Eg. A picture of a big plate with food. " If you ate all of this you __________ eat more".
T sets the context for TL by dividing Ss in two groups. One group receives a set of cards (or sheets) with sentences stating facts. The other group gets sentences where modals mustn't and needn't are used. Class is arranged in a way in which both groups face each other. Ss don't look at their respective cards until T tells them. When is time, both groups look at their cards and show them to the other group. Every Ss needs to find his/her partner in the other group -the student with the sentence stating the fact that matches finds the student that has the sentence with the corresponding modal verb . Eg. S1 has the card with the sentence "You are driving a car"---- S2 has the card with the sentence: "You mustn't talk on the mobile phone".
Clarification is done in the way showed in the Language Analysis. See attachment. Drilling phrases
Ss are a given handout with tips about the correct usage of must-mustn't and needn't. Below, there is an exercise consisting of 5 sentences to be rewritten using words that appear in brackets. The second ex. for controlled practice is a fill in the gaps activity in which ss have to use words given as options to complete sentences. After they finish, they check with their partners and w/c feed back is taken w/c.
Ss do a task in which they have to write responsive sentences according any given situation. Eg-- Given sentence: I have a very important exam tomorrow. Answer sentence: I must study for the exam. Pairwork Feedback, W/C FB.
As a free practice, Ss are asked to imagine they are the Major of Istanbul and design (write) a poster. An example will be showed.