Ariel R. De Castro Ariel R. De Castro

TP 8_Grammar_Must, mustn't and needn't
A2 level


In this lesson students learn and practice the modal verbs must-mustn't- needn't. Through the context of the law and social rules, this class will show the correct use of those modals in different kinds of situations. For warm up Ss see pictures to elicit concept, and then get exposed through a game of finding a partner with a matching sentence. During highlighting and clarification, Ss get to know what the modals mean, in which form they are used and how to pronounce them correctly. Ss will be given controlled and semi-controlled activities in which they will be guided through the process of understanding. A free practice consisting of a writing task will give Ss the opportunity to demonstrate what they have learned.


Abc H/O Macmillan Straightforward Elementary Student's Book, Teacher's Book ( Lindsay Clandfield)

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, practice and review of must, mustn't and needn't in the context of social rules, the law and life in general.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide product writing practice of a dialogue using must, mustn't and needn't.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

On w/b T puts pictures of certain rules any student must follow in a classroom and asks Ss what words come to mind. In this way T elicits meaning of modal verbs must and mustn't. Eg. You ______sleep in class. Then T presents another set of pictures to elicit needn't. Eg. A picture of a big plate with food. " If you ate all of this you __________ eat more".

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

T sets the context for TL by dividing Ss in two groups. One group receives a set of cards (or sheets) with sentences stating facts. The other group gets sentences where modals mustn't and needn't are used. Class is arranged in a way in which both groups face each other. Ss don't look at their respective cards until T tells them. When is time, both groups look at their cards and show them to the other group. Every Ss needs to find his/her partner in the other group -the student with the sentence stating the fact that matches finds the student that has the sentence with the corresponding modal verb . Eg. S1 has the card with the sentence "You are driving a car"---- S2 has the card with the sentence: "You mustn't talk on the mobile phone".

Highlighting and Clarification (10-12 minutes) • To draw Ss attention to TL and to clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Clarification is done in the way showed in the Language Analysis. See attachment. Drilling phrases

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ss are a given handout with tips about the correct usage of must-mustn't and needn't. Below, there is an exercise consisting of 5 sentences to be rewritten using words that appear in brackets. The second ex. for controlled practice is a fill in the gaps activity in which ss have to use words given as options to complete sentences. After they finish, they check with their partners and w/c feed back is taken w/c.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Ss do a task in which they have to write responsive sentences according any given situation. Eg-- Given sentence: I have a very important exam tomorrow. Answer sentence: I must study for the exam. Pairwork Feedback, W/C FB.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

As a free practice, Ss are asked to imagine they are the Major of Istanbul and design (write) a poster. An example will be showed.

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