Imen Yakoubi Imen Yakoubi

Grammar: Language Focus: simple past, present perfect and present perfect continuous
Upper-intermediate class level


This lesson will be a practice related class to the previous lesson (Mr Ahmed Jama); students are required to distinguish between simple past, present perfect and present perfect continous throughout a variety of activities: listening task, fill-in exercices and speaking circle practice. The lesson is aimed to help students to integrate the use of both functional and usage grammar skills.


Main Aims

  • Help students to understand use and fucntion of the following tenses (simple past, present perfect and present perfect continous)

Subsidiary Aims

  • Understand weak and contracted forms pronunciation in this lesson. Help students to apply the use of correct tenses in their everyday speaking


Warmer/Lead-in (7-12 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Video related to the story of the previous text: "The Meretniemis" and their sailing plan. Ask students about the video: main idea and : Describe the family using one of the tenses they have studied earlier

Exposure (3-7 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Brief review about the text (listening task): Matching activity to convey the text meaning.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Pronunciation activity: help the students to understand the weak and contracted forms using both present perfect and present perfect continous) Students will listen again to the sentences and repeat after the speaker (she has=she's) /ʃiːz/ ; been; /biːn/

Controlled Practice (5-12 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ask students about each text’s tense and its function? (comparison between simple past and present perfect ) Compare sentences with different tenses Draw a picture or a board about each tense rule Ask the students to find out which questions in the text apply to the main character of each passage (Jeanne Beret or Rikka Meretniemi)

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Apply the garmmatical rules about today's tenses lesson in a free practice activity: I will initiate creating a story about someone, (using one sentence including one of the tenses we had seen today) then I will call randomly, one of the students, he/she has to go on connecting ideas together but using the right tense and so on..

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