Rawmean Rawmean

intermediate level


In this lesson, students learn about modals of obligation (must,have to,should) through Present-practice-production in the context of rules and modern manners.the lesson starts with the teacher telling an anecdote where he forgot to turn off his phone.the students try to come up with different rules to use mobile phones then they read the text and learn how to use the TL


Abc handout,laptop,colorful markers,

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of modals of obligation in the context of modern manners and ettiquette

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide practice of modals of obligation in the context of ettiquette
  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in the context of rules


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Greeting/ the T tells an anecdote about the time he was in the hospital with a patient and forgot to turn off his phone and how it disturbed others.then asks the questions : is it against the rules to use your phone in a quiet zone?yes T asks students if they know any rules for using cell phones. the ss work in pairs and try to come up with answers then they change their groups and report to each other.the T nominates a few students to report to the calss

Pre teach (2-4 minutes) • teach blocking words to help ss understand the text

the T elicits the word etiquette by going back to his anecdote and asks the CCQ : was it neccessary to it?yes Is it rude if we do not do it ? yes then the word disturb is elicited and CCQ is asked : how do you feel if others disturb you happy or annoyed? annoyed . what happens if we disturb someone?

Exposure (6-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

-ask SS to read a passage about " Mobile phone etiquette" and pay attention to the highlighted phrases. Then ask them questions about the passage.and answer the questions in part A then disscuss it with a partner.yhen T asks : What was it about? about mobile phone etiquette. Do you agree with what it says? yes ask them to match the highlighted phrases to their meanings in part B. T monitor SS to check their answers in pairs and check if they have difficulties in understanding. -feedback

Teaching { form , meaning,pronunciation} (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

T writes the highlighted phrases on the board and elicits their rules and degree of obligation. should : is not strong and is used to talk about what is right appropriate especially when critising actions Must and have to are both used for obligation and are often quite similar. They are both followed by the infinitive.We often use must for more personal opinions about what it is necessary to do, and have to for what somebody in authority has said it is necessary to do. Positive: Subject + Should/must/ have to + V + Object. Negative: 1. Subject + Should/must + not + V + Object. 2. Subject + don’t/does not+ have to + V + Object Question: 1. Should/must+ Subject + V + Object? 2. Do/Does + Subject+ have to + Object

Controlled Practice (4-6 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

SS do the practice in book T monitors them they check their answers and get feedback

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

SS are given a handout on which a number of scenarios are written SS work in groups of 2 -4 to write rules and etiquette for each in 4 minutes once they finish the leaders go to each group and compare their answers if they both have written the same idea they cross it off their list the group with the most ideas is the winner

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