Natalia Foster Natalia Foster

Teaching Practice 4 - Functions
Pre-Intermediate level

Materials

Abc White board or shared screen
Abc Parrott, Martin Grammar for English Language Teachers 2000 Cambridge University Press

Main Aims

  • Students will practice and revise functional language in context of talking about holidays

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide reading, listening and speaking practice in a friendly leaning environment.

Procedure

Lead-In (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students by letting them choose their preferred travel destination

“Where would you go?” Jamboard https://jamboard.google.com/d/1D1zTga-c4i1NeKrr7XszM05QZDL3Hz81e2zyBKxW_Qw/edit?usp=sharing Ss observe photos of 2 of travel destinations - the wilderness / mountains and the beach. Q: What do you think we will talk about today? – Travel. Why do you think there are 2 photos here? – We will need to choose where we’d like to go. So, which place would you rather go to? T asks Ss to make a post-it note on Jamboard and write their preferred destination (Wilderness / Mountains / Beach) OCFB Which place would you rather go to? – Mountains / beach

Exposure - Text based (5-8 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Google Slides https://docs.google.com/presentation/d/12mgsf3-TBvOUKukvNRLcoSXvyOXrhM_mR77TFrcfslM/edit?usp=sharing Text (SLIDE 2) - Hello! Welcome to World Travel Experts! I am John Spencer, a travel advisor. - Hello! I am Andy and this is my wife Kate. We would like to get away for a short holiday. Just me and my wife. - I’d be happy to help. When would you like to go? - Soon. We have next week off. - This is last minute, prices will be higher. Would you rather go now or a bit later, in a month or so? - We chose this holiday because it is our anniversary. But only yesterday we managed to sinc our work schedules. So, we’d like to go next week to some warm place. - I understand. What destination do you have in mind? - I’d ike to go to… Spain? Or Greece? We’d like somewhere quiet but not too quiet, with somewhere to go in the evening. - Like, near the beach? Tropical climate? Do you like nightlife? - We are going for a week, why don’t we combine the beach, nightlife and some adventure, too? - If I were you, I’d look into Mexico, they have it all. Beautiful resorts by the beach, great nightlife, great food and lots of cultural attractions to enjoy. - Sounds wonderful, thank you! Let’s book Mexico! Gist Qs Google slides (SLIDE 3) 2 minutes OCFB – T asks individual students to answer the Q Is this dialog about planning a wedding? Is this text about a couple’s desire to go on vacation? What does a travel agent do?

Highlighting - Role play using TL (5-8 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Teacher presents the ROLE PLAY (SLIDE 4) "ROLE PLAY ! Recreate the dialog using given questions and phrases. Chose who will be the travel agent, and who will be Andy. Greet each other first !" T asks the Ss to work in pairs (breakout rooms) and recreate the dialog using SLIDE 5 as a reference. The agent’s Qs: (SLIDE 5) How many people are going to travel? When would you like to go? Would you rather go now or in a month? How long are you planning to go away for? What destination do you have in mind? Do you want a beach holiday or something else? Are you looking for somewhere quiet? I would suggest you go to ….. Andy should use some of the target language phrases: We would like to last minute We chose this holiday because We’d like to I’d like to go quiet but not too why don’t we If I were you, I’d They have it all I’d rather go to T monitors the breakout rooms and makes sure the Ss use the TL

Clarification MFPA (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Meaning T uses white board on Zoom (or share screen) and writes down the sentence: I’d rather go to Mexico than to Greece. “I’d rather…” T asks Ss CCQs Am I in Mexico now? No Do I want to go to Mexico? Yes Do I want to go to Greece? Not really Do I have a choice? Yes What do I prefer to do? To go to Mexico Is it very important that I go to Mexico? No, not really Is time when I go on vacation important? No Did I go to Mexico before? Possibly. How do I feel about Greece? I do not like it as much as Mexico. T uses white board on Zoom or share the screen in order to analyze “I’d rather go to Mexico than to Greece” and write down answers she elicits from Ss. T informs Ss they will be analyzing “I WOULD”: We will be focusing on “I would”. When we use it with RATHER, what does “I’d rather” mean? When using it with the word “rather” a speaker is specifying his / her choice or preference. Write down Ss’ answers: Preference or choice would choose to would prefer that T asks Ss to give 2 sentences with “I’d rather”, and then paraphrase them using PREFER: I’d rather live here. (= I would prefer to live here) I don’t want to go to the party. I’d rather study. (= I would prefer to study.) Synonyms for “I’d rather” Ask Ss for synonyms, write down a few answers: I prefer, I choose, I pick, I select, I am partial to, I desire, I opt for, I like better Form “I would rather” is used as a modal auxiliary verb. Q: What is the full form for “I’d” ? Answer: “I’d rather” is a contraction of the words “I had” or “I would”. T writes down I’d = I would , I’d = I had We will be focusing on “I would”. The expression “would rather” is followed by the bare infinitive (the infinitive without TO). T writes on the board I’d rather + verb (bare infinitive) It is often used with THAN in a sentence when there is a choice between two given options. Would rather … than (would prefer to do this than that) Q: How do we form a negative for I’d rather? Negative is formed by putting NOT after Rather – “I would rather not / I’d rather not” Write down the answer. – I’d rather not Q: What does “would rather not” mean? What do we use this phrase for? “Would rather not” means you prefer not to do something, or do not want to do something. Write the answer: I’d rather not = I prefer not to do that Q: How do we form a question? Question is formed by inverting Would and the subject. – “Would I rather go to Mexico than to Greece?” Pronunciation T models pronunciation of “I’d rather” / 'ɑi d 'raðə / and asks Ss to practice the phrase out loud. Then T models the sentence pronunciation. “I’d rather go to Mexico than to Greece.” T mentions there is a linking between “I’d” and “rather”. Elicit answers: Where does the stress fall in the sentence? The stress in the sentence falls on “I’d_rather”, “Mexico” and “Greece”. Appropriacy Q: Is it formal or informal to say “I’d rather” Informal

Controlled Practice - "Chose a place you would rather go to" (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

"Chose a place you would rather go to" Activity is adapted from Ex 1 p.59 SLIDE 6, 7 Ss are introduced to 2 original texts about Tasmania and Turkey. T explains the task - Ss are given a choice what place out of these two to visit. Ss need to choose and explain their preference by writing down a short paragraph describing a place they want to go to and why they like it. Ss need to use the TL (useful language SLIDE 8): I’d like to go there because.. I’d like somewhere I’d rather go to….because… I don’t want to go to…because…. It’s too…. It’s not too…. I would not chose another place because… If I were you, I’d … OCFB After Ss finish, they work in pairs (breakout rooms) to present their answers to their partner and explain why they would prefer to go there and not to the other place. T monitors the rooms. Texts Slides 6,7 Tasmania, Australia Epic island that’s wild and beautiful Tasmania is now one of Australia’s fastest-growing tourism destinations. Key to the appeal of Australia’s southern state is its natural beauty, which it owes largely to a combination of its remoteness and the enduring green spirit of its half million residents. Covered in 2,000-year-old trees and home to real-life devils, it’s the real outdoor adventure. After making the trek here, visitors find that most of Tasmania’s attractions are surprisingly accessible. It takes just four hours to drive the length of the state. No matter where you base yourself, opportunities to become immersed in nature are never far away—nearly half the state is designated national park, after all. Göbekli Tepe, Turkey The world’s oldest known temple complex Built about 11,600 years ago, the monumental limestone pillars at Göbekli Tepe have been hiding in plain sight for millennia. Excavation only began in the mid-1990s. The archaeological site is located in southeastern Turkey, region that nurtured early civilizations. Primarily circles and rectangles of massive stones decorated with reliefs of boars, foxes, and gazelles revealed the world’s oldest known temple complex. The extraordinary discoveries made here have rewritten the story of how the first civilizations began. Researchers theorize that it was built by hunter-gatherers as a regional meeting point and that agriculture was born out of the need to feed all the people involved in the large construction effort.

Free Practice - “Tell each other about holidays you have planned” (4-5 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Activity is adapted from Ex 2 p.59 “Tell each other about holidays you have planned” T asks Ss to talk to their peers about their preference when going on vacation. Ss use some of the examples shown on the spidermap (slide 9) to talk with their partner and ask them how they prefer to travel using TL (slide 8) SLIDE 9 Spidermap Your preferences could be: Hotel / self-exploration Cheap accommodation or not Beach or mountains Nightlife or day time explorations Active adventures or quiet excursions Hunting / fishing Holiday for a large family / a couple / solo travel Holiday arrangement for a special event like a wedding Ss work in breakout rooms and use TL when speaking. T monitors the activity. Conduct feedback and DEC Go over mistakes that Ss made during the class. Thank students for their participation, good language skills and say goodbye.

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