Christopher Sanders Christopher Sanders

Upper-Intermediate (B1) level


In this lesson, students will revise articles (which they've studied in previous modules) and practice using them in some different contexts. Emphasis will be placed on practice rather than exposure, as they should be at least somewhat familiar with the target language.


Abc 6/23 staging PowerPoint
Abc Speakout Upp-Int 2nd Ed. p57-58

Main Aims

  • To revise grammar rules for articles, focusing on some of the more difficult usages like countries; to provide opportunities to use articles in a variety of controlled and freer practices.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To draw students attention to the pronunciation of weak forms with linking and 'the', and drill them on difference between /ðə/ and /ðiː/.


Warmer/Lead-in (5-7 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Greet students as they arrive in the Zoom meeting, mention objectives for the class. Present a question to the students. "What is the nicest thing you own?" and let them consider their answers for 1 minute while T. arranges breakout rooms for pairs. After, collect a few sentences from Ss for use in next task

Presentation (12-14 minutes) • To elicit the target language in context

Put one of the Ss' sentences on the Annotate board. (possibly something like "The nicest thing I own is my computer") Ask some questions about it to try to extract usable information. ("Where was it made?" "What company made it?" "How much did it cost?", etc) [~2-3 min] Show Ss picture of woman holding an iPhone. Ask question: What is she holding? Where was it made? What company made it? How much do you think it costs? Where can you buy one?") After the first question is answered ("an iPhone") put Ss in breakout rooms to answer the others on shared Google Doc. After breakouts, Ss come back and T. shares answers. [~4 min] Tell students we'll check their answers in a few minutes. Show hand symbol slide, explain that they will hold up their hand to the camera with the hand symbol for the correct answers. (ICQ, "[S], will you hold up the number of fingers? No. Will you hold up a hand gesture? Yes.") Show slides, wait for Ss to answer with their gestures. Show answer. Then show rule. Ask CCQ. Offer corrections if necessary 1 - T. shows phone to camera. "Am I holding the phone?" No (hopefully) 2 - T shows phone again. "Do you think I bought it from Apple Store?" No (hopefully) 3 - T shows phone again. "I have had it for 2 years. Did I buy it in 2018?" Yes 4 - T shows phone again. "For 10 years, I have only used iPhones. Did I use Android phones in a 2010s?" No (hopefully) 5 - T shows phone again. "I got this phone in Istanbul. Did I buy it in Republic of Turkey?" No (hopefully) [~6-7 min]

Concept Checking (3-5 minutes) • To check the students' basic understanding of the rules elicited

Show picture on slide 22. Ask students what is happening in the picture. Then ask some elicitation and concept check questions. - What is the teacher asking? (elicit) - Is it a specific teacher? Do we know which teacher it is? (CCQ) - Is there 1 phone? (CCQ) - Is it specific? Do we know which phone the teacher is asking for? (CCQ) - Where are they? What room? (elicit) - Are there probably many classrooms? (CCQ) - Do we know which classroom it is? (CCQ) If there are any issues, discuss them briefly.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Do exercise 4a in the book. Show answers (Active Teach or slides) Do exercise 4b in the book. Show answers (Active Teach or slides) Put Ss in breakout groups. Do exercise 6b on p58. Compare answers. Share answers (Active Teach or slides)

Pronunciation Practice (3-4 minutes) • To revise students' pronunciation of weak forms, focusing on the definite article.

Show students slide with /ðə/ and /ðiː/. Explain the sounds. Then show them /diː/ and /də/. Ask if we pronounce 'the' with a /d/ sound. Do exercise 5a in book and check answers. Drill "The automobile has done less well since the economic crisis." and 1 or 2 more if time allows.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Individually, in a shared Google Doc, Ss will write ~5 sentences about the last thing they bought (not food) - clothes, electronics, games, etc - and include: where it was made, where they bought it, what type of thing it is, and other information about it. Every sentence should have at least one article. Show them an example: The last thing that I bought was a deck chair for my home. I bought it from a website called Trendyol. The chair's color is black. I think it was made in the People's Republic of China, but the company is from Turkey. The price was 300tl. It is the most comfortable chair in my apartment. When Ss finish, they should read their classmates' writing and add a comment in the doc If time remains, T. will talk to students about their answers.

Clarification (1-3 minutes) • To correct errors that may have occurred during activities

T. will briefly denote 1-3 mistakes that he noticed during the lesson and quickly drill them with students.

Web site designed by: Nikue