Natalia Foster Natalia Foster

Teaching Practice 3 Grammar
Pre-Intermediate level


In this lesson, the students will practice and revise modal verbs "should". through guided discovery based on reading a text and giving advice. The session starts with discussing an image of Bruce's disorganized room. Students analyse the image and give Bruce advice. Then Ss are introduced to a text about Bruce and work in pairs to practice the target language and talk about what Bruce should do. This is followed by grammar review and CCQs about the verb "should". Finally there is a controlled practice through filling in gaps in sentences about table manners using Should / Shouldn't. Free practice will allow students giving advice.


Abc Parrott, Martin Grammar for English Language Teachers 2000 Cambridge University Press

Main Aims

  • Students will practice and revise modal verb "should" and "shouldn't" in context of giving advice in regards of daily habits.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide reading, listening and speaking practice in a friendly leaning environment.


Warmer/Lead-in (5-6 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Ask Ss to talk about the topic. Use Jamboard with ex 1. p.26 Ask students to look at the picture of Bruce in his room, and ask a few questions about Ss personal experiences: Q: When did you last had to study for an exam? How do you prefer to study? Are you well organized? Review vocab: Ashtray, cigarette end (cigarette bud) and ask student to work on ex.1 - they need to find and circle objects listed in the box. Ss will use a colored pen to "draw" on the slide. DEMO how to draw first, by sharing my screen. OCFB - Ask individual Ss to name items and circle them (use colored pen on Jamboard). Check it they circled the objects correctly. Q: Do you think Bruce is successful in his studies?

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Google Forms Ask Ss to read the text. "I am Bruce. I live in a small apartment in New York and study at Columbia University. Since I was at school I had hard time getting ready for exams. It feels better when I do anything else but studying. My Mom always told me “You should start preparing for your exams!” But I would rather go out with friends, have fun, be distracted, than start preparing for the exams last minute and be all stressed out about it. And so it is, that time of the year again, exams are in 3 days. My apartment is a mess. Music is always on, a video game is tempting. I can’t make myself to get organized and start reviewing my books and notes. Should I go out or should I stay in? I still have 3 days! Should I clean the apartment first? Should I organize my notes? Should I make myself another cup of coffee? I have to study, after all, and being in a clean organized apartment should help me stay focused on the upcoming exams. So, I should start cleaning my apartment. Maybe tomorrow?" Q: What is Bruce’s problem? What should Bruce do? Give him advice. 3 min Breakout rooms - students work in pairs and gather advice they would give to Bruce. 3 min OCFB

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

slide 4 (Goggle Slides): Find statements you agree with. Make 6 more sentences about what Bruce should and shouldn’t do. Ask students individually to read the statements and agree / disagree: " He should start work earlier. He should tidy up his notes His coffee cup shouldn’t be on his computer. He should get dressed before he starts studying. He shouldn’t listen to the radio when he is studying. Make 6 more sentences about what Bruce should and shouldn’t do. " Q: What title will be good for the text about Bruce? Think of the title. Elicit ideas from Ss.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Slides 5, 6, 7 Meaning SHOULD is most commonly used to make recommendations or give advice. It is often used with “I think…” It can also be used to express obligation as well as expectation. We use SHOULD when we talk about what is a good idea or the right thing to do. Q: What can we express when we use SHOULD? In the sentence “You should start preparing for your exams” a person is given advice or a recommendation. CCQs Are you preparing for your exams now? – No Have you started preparing for your exams already? - No Am I demanding you start preparing for your exams immediately? - No When do you need to start preparing for your exams? – Soon / in the future Why am I telling you to start preparing for your exams? – I am giving recommendation, or advice. What word tells us it is a recommendation or advice? - Should Do I think it is a good idea that you start preparing for your exams? - Yes Do you have an option, to prepare or not to prepare for your exams? – Yes What are synonyms of SHOULD? – Need to / You’d better / I advise you to / I recommend Form 1/ Is a “pure” modal verb. CCQ What modal verbs do you know? CAN, COULD, MAY, MIGHT, MUST, SHALL, WILL, WOULD Do we use modal verbs on their own in conjunction with other verbs? 2/ They are not inflected by the 3rd person “He should go” (not He shoulds go) CCQ Can we say “She shoulds see this film too.” ? 3/ Followed by the bare infinitive SHOULD + GO (no TO) CCQ What comes after SHOULD? Listen to the sentence “The family should be home soon” Where is the bare infinitive? (BE) 4/ Negated by addition of NOT – “should not”, “shouldn’t” CCQ How do you form a negative? Inverted with the subject to form a question “Should I go there?” CCQ How do you form a Q with Should? Has no past form and normally refers either to the present “You should try to exercise more control over the children” or the future “You should really try to visit us next year” When converting to indirect speech SHOULD does not change. “You should eat more => She said I should eat more.” When used with form of BE and an –ING it expresses future arrangement (“They should be recording another program tomorrow”) or temporary activity in progress at a fixed point of time (“Shouldn’t you be listening to me right now?”) Pronunciation SLIDE 8 The negative form SHOULDN’T is stressed You should start preparing for your exams / ʃʊd / He shouldn’t smoke so much. / ʃʊdənt / There is linking between should and the following verb.

Controlled Practice - Fill in the gaps (Table manners) (5-6 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Google slides Table manners – incomplete sentences activity. Fill in gaps with Should or Shouldn't OCFB

Semi-Controlled Practice - ex 2 p.26 (3-5 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Ex 2 p 26 SLIDE 10, 11, 12 Discuss what each person should / should not do. The Ss are presented short paragraphs describing habits of different people. Ss read the texts and discuss in pairs what each person should / should not do. (Breakout rooms) OCFB

Free Practice - Giving Advice (6-8 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Slide 13 Ask students to answer the Qs and then allow them to work in pairs giving each other advice about being organized. What advice would you give your friend today? What advice would you give your parents? What advice would you give yourself? Use SHOULD or SHOULDN’T DEC, Feedback, saying goodbye.

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