Raafat Saad Mahmoud Ab Elaal Raafat Saad Mahmoud Ab Elaal

Grammar. obligation and prohibition
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students learn about obligation forms and prohibition forms through the text ( Bad manners ) and some examples that I will give. The lesson starts with a discussion about some situations if they do or don't do. This is followed by controlled practices, freer practice and speaking activity


Abc Power point presentation

Main Aims

  • To provide practice the obligation and prohibition forms and Ss learn to use them.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of speaking about must, have to and should. To improve their awareness of the uses of obligation and the prohibition.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T greets Ss. T show a picture related to the obligation and prohibition. T asks to say what this picture refers to. T encourage Ss to elicit sentences related to the lesson. T gives the feedback to the Ss.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

T writes the new vocabulary that might be difficult to SS. SS elicit the meaning of these words. then T give the best meaning for these words. T asks CCQS to check understanding

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

T gives the SS some examples about must, have to, should, shouldn't and mustn't. SS read the examples quickly to understand the whole text. T discuss the answers with the students. T give SS feedback about their answers. T give the rule for students.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T elicits answers in ex. 26, 27. T gives written sample of target language. T practices pronunciation to some words. T plays listening 4.4, 4.5 to clarify the two situations. T highlights the forms of obligation and prohibition.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T give Ss some practice to clear the idea about the obligation and prohibition. To make sure that the teacher achieved his target.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

T asks Ss to do activity C to check they are understanding target language. Ss work in groups T checks answers.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

S work in groups and ask each other about examples of obligations and prohibition. S practise using have to/must. don't have to/ mustn't. General feedback.

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