Raafat Saad Mahmoud Ab Elaal Raafat Saad Mahmoud Ab Elaal

Grammar. obligation and prohibition
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students learn about obligation forms and prohibition forms through the text ( Bad manners ) and some examples that I will give. The lesson starts with a discussion about some situations if they do or don't do. This is followed by controlled practices, freer practice and speaking activity


Abc Power point presentation
Abc Power point presentation

Main Aims

  • To provide practice the obligation and prohibition forms and Ss learn to use them.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of speaking about must, have to and should. To improve their awareness of the uses of obligation and the prohibition.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

T greets Ss. T show a picture related to the obligation and prohibition. T asks to say what this picture refers to. T encourage Ss to elicit sentences related to the lesson. T gives the feedback to the Ss.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

T writes the new vocabulary that might be difficult to SS. SS elicit the meaning of these words. then T give the best meaning for these words. T asks CCQS to check understanding

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

T gives the SS some examples about must, have to, should, shouldn't and mustn't. SS read the examples quickly to understand the whole text. T discuss the answers with the students. T give SS feedback about their answers. T give the rule for students.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

T elicits answers in ex. 26, 27. T gives written sample of target language. T practices pronunciation to some words. T plays listening 4.4, 4.5 to clarify the two situations. T highlights the forms of obligation and prohibition.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

T give Ss some practice to clear the idea about the obligation and prohibition. To make sure that the teacher achieved his target.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

T asks Ss to do activity C to check they are understanding target language. Ss work in groups T checks answers.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

S work in groups and ask each other about examples of obligations and prohibition. S practise using have to/must. don't have to/ mustn't. General feedback.

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