Amany Aamer Amany Aamer

Present Perfect tense
intermediate level


In this lesson, students learn about present perfect tense through a guided discovery based on a reading text about changes in the past and present. The lesson starts with a discussion about personal changes in the past five years, followed by a jigsaw reading where students read and relate stories about changes in the past. Finally there is some controlled practice through sentence reformulations and free practice via a role-play speaking activity.


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide practice of the present perfect tense in the context of changes in our lives

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of changes in our lives
  • To provide practice of language used for comparing adjectives in the context of personal changes


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

I will tell the students a story about the changes that have happened to my friend’s life since he was a teenager and the tremendous transformation that has happened to him.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

I am going to provide a reading context for the students. And they going to do a jigsaw reading where they can relate stories about life changes and link them together.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

After discussing the story with them and checking their answers with their peers, I will get the students to notice and underline their answers and ask them about what they have noticed in these sentences.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

After eliciting the meaning and the form from their answers I will clarify the target language by writing one of the answers on the board and underlining it.

Controlled Practice (3-8 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

checking concept questions for the meaning and function of present perfect and asking them to try to find another sentences of the target language from the context and find similar changes with their peers ; and for the pronunciation, I am going to do back chain drilling.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

each others in pairs if they know anyone who has changed completely and find the similar changes.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Finally students will do a role play (street interview) to practice expressing changes have happened in their life.

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