Anan Anan

past perfect
elementary level


In this lesson, students will know about the difference between past perfect and past simple through guided discovery activity. Then they will highlight the form through a story that is telling sequenced events.


Abc Smart Screen, White board, Colored markers, handouts, pictures

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of past perfect tense in the context of story about what had happened to Sara's family

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide scan reading practice using a text about past perfect tense


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Warming up students by asking them to draw a timeline with the most 3 highlights that happened in their life and ask them to put it in sequence. Then tell your pair about what happened before the other.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Giving them a written story about me when I was late for the movie and give them two sentences to do in pairs to check if they are true or false through scanning the text. Ex. I had arrived before the film started ( ) The film started after I had arrived at the cinema ( )

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Asking them to work in pairs to high light all the verbs in the past perfect tense in the text Ex. I went for a walk after I had finished my homework.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Check the Meaning” >>> Is it one action or two? / Which action happened before the other? I will draw a timeline to clarify that we are dealing with two events in the past but one happened before the other. Ex. After I had finished my homework, I went out Check the “Form” >>> auxiliary verb ‘had’ (the Past Simple of ‘to have’) – the main verb in the Past Participle form”1st action” – verb past simple “2nd action” Clarify that the 1st action comes in past perfect form and the 2nd action is in the past form. Check the “Pronunciation”>>> Drilling back chaining chunks to make sure they pronounce the abbreviation well Ex. I didn’t eat my lunch until my dad had come. I'd eaten dinner so I wasn't hungry. /aɪd ˈiːtn ˈdɪnə səʊ aɪ wɒznt ˈhʌŋgri/

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Working in groups to choose the correct answer

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Working in Groups to correct the verb form

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

divide them into groups to make a story of sequenced actions using "after-before- until...."

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