Chris Herriage Chris Herriage

Unit 8c Grammar: the 3rd conditional
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will practice the third conditional grammatical structure. Students will use productive skills like reading for scan and detail, sentence writing, as well as controlled, semi-controlled and freer speaking practice.


Abc Grammar HO

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of the third conditional in the context of failed bulglaries.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide practice with scan reading, reading for detail, sentence writing, and semi-controlled speaking using the target language.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Ask students to recall the story they read in the Reading Ex. 1 (text on p. 83). What was it about? What details can they remember? Was it funny?

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Put students in groups of 3-4. Tell students that you want them to be able to retell the story in their groups. Give them 1 or 2 minutes to skim the article for the important events. Afterwards, have them work as a group to retell the story.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Explain that the focus of the lesson is the third conditional. Write the basic form on WB: If_______, would have_______. Have Ss locate this sentence in the first paragraph.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Write the model sentence on WB. MEANING: Break it down into its two components. Look at "if" clause: Did everything go as planned? Is this real or imagined? Look at "would have...." clause: Was it a joke? Wasn't it funny? Is this real or imagined? Explain that the 3rd cond is used to describe the consequence of an imagined situation. FORM: If + Sub + had +V3, ______ + would have V3. PRONOUNCIATION: First, articulate every word. Then backchain. DRILL. Then show everyday American pronounciation. If "everything-id" gone according to plan, this "would-a" been no joke

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

Put students in new groups of 4. Have students work together on Grammar EX. 1 (p. 83). After, get FB. Write answers on WB. CCQs: Which verb do you use? (V3) What are the "helping" verbs? (had, would have)

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Put Ss in pairs. Have them read the story and come up with 2-5 sentences using TL.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Put students in new pairs. Tell the students to think of very important events from their lives. Elicit some ideas and write on WB, i.e., marriage, army, etc. Have them talk about these events and use the TL

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