Elham Elham

Teaching Grammar
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students learn about indirect questions. The lesson starts with a game of unscrambling the words in groups. Then, the structure of indirect questions would be reviewed. Finally, after doing some activities, ss would answer some indirect questions in groups.


Abc Student's book
Abc PowerPoint
Abc Audioscript handout

Main Aims

  • To provide students with understanding and using the structure of indirect questions in the context of a trip.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide students with speaking practice by using indirect questions.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Teacher says, 'A tourist is in your country. What questions may/might a he/she ask?' She writes on the board : -Could you tell me ....... (And says an example:Excuse me, could you tell me where the hotel is?) Teacher listens to ss' opinions.

Test #1 (8-10 minutes) • To diagnose what Ls already know about the TL

Teacher plays a game with students. Teacher puts ss in 5 groups (from A to D). Then, She asks each group to stand up and come to the front of the class. After that, She gives each group some words and wants them to unscramble the words. The group that finishes faster is the winner. teacher plays a slide of the Powerpoint and shows the correct answers. SS will compare their answers with Ppt slide.

Teach (8-10 minutes) • To clarify aspects of the TL that Ls don't already know

Teacher plays other slides of the Ppt to clarify the structure of the indirect questions. After the 5th slide teacher checks whether ss have got when to use an indirect question by asking: -Do you use direct questions when you want to be more polite? (No)

Test #2 (8-10 minutes) • To check that Ls have improved in their knowledge of recognizing indirect questions

Teacher gives ss the audioscript. She asks them to find at least 5 examples of indirect questions in the conversation and underline them. Teacher checks whether ss have understood the instruction by asking: - Are you going to underline direct questions?

Test #3 (4-6 minutes) • To provide an opportunity for Ls to make indirect questions

Teacher hands ss a copy of student's book. She asks ss to look at questions 1-6 in exercise 2 (page 63) She wants ss to change the questions into indirect questions. ICQs: - Are you going to answer the questions? (NO) - Are you going to answer in pair or on your own? (On our own) Teacher sets 5 mins for answering this activity. After 5 mins students compare their answers in pair. Teacher calls each pair to read their answers aloud.

Test #4 (3-4 minutes) • To check that Ls have a good understanding of indirect questions

(Teacher will go through this stage if ss need more practice of indirect questions or if teacher has some extra time before starting free practice. ) Teacher shows the last slide of the Ppt. She explains that there are three indirect questions which are wrong. She puts ss in pair. She gives them 2mins to correct the incorrect questions. After 2mins, she elicits the answers from ss and at the same time shows the correct answers on the slide too.

Free practice (8-10 minutes) • To practice good use of indirect questions and to correct errors in indirect questions

Teacher puts ss in pair. She asks ss to look at the questions they made in exercise 2. She wants them to do a roll play. One student is a tourist and the other one is from Turkey. Teacher wants ss to ask and answer the questions in exercise 2. ICQs: Are you going to write the answers? (No) Are you going to use direct questions as a tourist? (No) Teacher monitor ss while they are speaking. She takes notes of ss errors. She will have delayed correction when ss are done with speaking practice.

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