Alexa Alexa

Passive Voice
A2+ - B1 level


In this lesson students learn aboout the passive voice, through guded discovery, based on The Arts context.


Abc Board
Abc Student's book, page 88
Abc Student's book, page 138
Abc Notebook
Abc Student's book, page 86

Main Aims

  • To provide practice of tenses in the context of passive voice

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide review of arts vocabulary in the context of art exhibits


Warmer/Lead-in (10-15 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Tell students to close their books. Write on the board "Art". Have students brainstorm words connected to this topic. Then open the books, and make questions about the poster on page 86. Check students comprehension.

Exposure (10-15 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Prepare students for the reading of the Photo Story by asking different questions. Play the audio and have students follow the conversation. Check groups' comprehension. Finally, have students role play the conversation

Highlighting (10-15 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Ask students to read the underlined phrases in the Photo Story. Ask students to work in pairs to discuss and find an underlined expression in the Photo Story to match each of the phrases. Review answers with the class.

Clarification (15-20 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

To introduce the passive voice, write on the board the first two example sentences from the grammar box. Explain the difference between the active and passive voice. Review the other examples from the box with the class. Point out that the passive voice can be used in defferent tenses. Review the last point and examples. Have students write their own examples on their notebook.

Controlled Practice (20-25 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

For the activity A. Have students circle the word "by" in each sentence. Then, in pairs, have students study the sentences to decide if the "by" phrase is necessary or not. Review answers with the class by turning the sentences into active voice. For the activity B. Before students complete the activity, tell them to scan the sentences to identify the tenses of the verbs. Remind students to use a "by" phrase. When students have completed the activity, have them compare answers in pairs. Then check the answers out loud.

Semi-Controlled Practice (15-20 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

On a separate sheet of paper, have students rewrite each sentence in the passive voice, using a "by" phrase only when necessary.

Free Practice (5-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

On a separate sheet of paper, ask students to rewrite the sentences as yes / no questions in the passive voice. Review answers individually. Then call out volunteers to read the sentences.

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