Guadalupe Arzate Guadalupe Arzate

Simple past tense
A1 level


In this lesson, students learn about simple past tense through guided discovery based on past events and outdoor activities


Abc board
Abc Students book page 88
Abc Students book page 89
Abc Students book page 90

Main Aims

  • To provide review of Regular and irregular verbs in the context of Past tense

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide practice of outdoor activities in the context of Past events


Warmer/Lead-in (5-10 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Present the vocabulary, the time expressions, and the years, decades and centuries. Have students listen to the time expressions and study them on the page. Then have them listen again and repeat chorally. To check comprehension make questions about time, the day, the month, the year. To use "last" and "ago"

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

Review ordinal numbers 1st. to 30th with the class, say each number and have students repeat chorally. Then have the class count out the same numbers , with each student in turn calling out one number. Direct attention to April 20 on the calendar on page 89 for this exercise. Model the question and answer with a student. Point out that the answer is a complete sentence with verbs on simple past tense

Highlighting (15-20 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

To practice forming the simple past tense, write regular verbs on the board, rain, snow, exercise, study, listen, clean, wash, brush, check, watch, call, talk work. Ask students to form the simple past tense (For all add, eed; but: add "d" only to exercise only: exercised; change the -y of study to -i and add -ed: studied). Direct attention to the simple past tense statements in the negative and have students study the examples. Point out that we use the past tense of irregular verbs in affirmative statements, but to form the negative, we add did + not and use the base form of the verb; for example, he didn't go to the school yesterday. We didn't watch the movie last night. Direct attention to the information about irregular verbs. Tell students that there is no rule for forming the past tense of irregular verbs, so they will need to memorize them. Have students listen and study the examples of irregular verbs

Clarification (5-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

Point out that there are three different sounds for simple past tense endings. Have students listen and study the examples. Then have students listen and repeat chorally. Encourage them to produce each ending clearly

Controlled Practice (15-20 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

To prepare students for the activity, say "this is an e-mail from Brian". To review answers, read the completed e-mail aloud to the class so students get an opportunity to hear the correct pronunciation of simple past tense endings of regular verbs. After that make students read the complete e-mail taking turns in order to check pronunciation

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Students listen a conversation model, ask students, why to ask for a clearer explanation. After students listen, check comprehension. ask about the conversation, where, when, what, Have students repeat each line chorally. Make sure they: Use falling intonation Use rising intonation for there was?

Free Practice (10-15 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Extend the conversation . Have students read the text in the Don't stop box and the ideas box. Make students do a free conversation with the topic on activator .

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