Hamdiye Hale Ozcan Hamdiye Hale Ozcan

Contrast of The Present Simple and Present Continuous Tenses
Intermediate, Adults level


In this lesson, students compare the Simple Present and Present Continuous Tenses.


Main Aims

  • To provide inference listening practice using a text about actions in the context of habits

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide clarification of language used for simple present tense and present contunies tense in the context of daily habits.


Warmer/Lead-in (5-8 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

The instructor asks the students about their fixed habits or routines in a week. Then he/she asks them what are they doing today. After that, the instructor opens a video about actions. And the instructor draws attention the usage of Present Continuous and Simple Present Tenses.

Pre-Reading/Listening (10-12 minutes) • To prepare students for the text and make it accessible

The students ask each other about their fixed routines for that day, write these habits and then they try to convert them into Present Continuous Tense. While the activity, the instructor visits the groups and corrects them if it is necessary.

While-Reading/Listening #1 (10-12 minutes) • To provide students with less challenging gist and specific information reading/listening tasks

The groups need to find 5 examples of Simple Present and Present Continuous Tenses while they listen to the song with its lyrics.(Lemon Tree from Fool's Garden)

While-Reading/Listening #2 (14-16 minutes) • To provide students with more challenging detailed, deduction and inference reading/listening tasks

The instructor gives the worksheets out the students listen to the song again but this time independently. They need to fill the blanks while listening. After they finished, the instructor allows them to compare their answers with their friends next to them. Then they listen to the song again and complete the exercise.

Post-Reading/Listening (8-10 minutes) • To provide with an opportunity to respond to the text and expand on what they've learned

The instructor gives the second worksheet out. The students complete the exercise with their instructor's guidance.

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