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Modals and phrases of ability
Intermediate(Grade-8) level


In this lesson students will be able to use modals and phrases of ability to talk about things they can and could do through TBLT method.


Abc Board \ SB\ Flash cards

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and encourage students to practice target language.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide practice and increase students' accuracy and fluency skills.


Warmer\ Lead -in (3-5 minutes) • To generate interest and a desire to use modals and phrases of ability.

*T prepare apicture of a superhero for example (superman). *T asks Ss:Do you know this superhero's name? *SS answer superman. *T says I want you to close your eyes and imagine that you are superheroes. *T asks ICQs.What are you going to do? *Ss answer:close our eyes. *T:Are you going to imagine your selves Monsters? *Ss:No! They close their eyes and start to imagine that they are superheroes. *T says now open your eyes...What can (not)you do if you are superheroes?I'm going to write your answers on the board. *Student 1:I can fly. *T great! *student 2:I can turn things into ice .T Amazing *student 3......etc.

Exposure:reading for gist (2-5 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a quiz.

*Ask students to open their books P.46 exercise 3-a. *Ask them to underline the words and phrases used to talk about ability in these sentences. 1-Tsung Tsung could play the piano when he was three. 2-He wants to be able to play like Mozart. 3-Say to your self:I can do it. *Individually , students underline them. *Then check answer as a class.

Pre - teaching grammar (2-5 minutes) • Eliciting the target language

*T says look at the sentences in 3a and complete rules 1-5 with these words (be able to - can - will be able to - manage to - was/were able to) in pairs -T asks Are you going to complete the rules individually or in pairs? _In pairs! -How many rules are you going to complete? 1-We use.......and be able to to talk about ability in the present. 2-In the past,we usually talk about general ability talk about a single time. 3-There is no present perfect or infinitive form of can, so we use forms of.....instead. 4-We can't say "will can",so we say......instead. 5-The verb......means to succeed in doing something difficult.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • to clarify the meaning, pronunciation and form of the target language.

-Teacher uses M-P-F to clarify the target language. First, the meaning: -T shows students 3or4 flash cards of some kids paying on the beach and aboy swimming in the sea. -T says Ahmed can swim well. Pointing to one of the flashcards to show that the boy has the ability to swim. -T encourages students to describe another flashcard saying: What about these kids??? students answer:They're able to play beach ball and so on. Second, the pronunciation: -T says now I want you to listen to this sentence from 3a,which is stressed more:could or play?? Tsung Tsung could play the Piano when he was three.- T plays the recording-T makes sure students can pronounce the unstressed /k d/correctly-T get the students to repeat the sentence a few times. T says that the stressed word is could... T plays the record for another sentence..say to your self:I can do it After listening to the recordings and repeating the stressed words, teacher gives reasons. 1-We don't usually stress words and phrases to talk about ability, unless we are emphasising something. 2-We usually stress the main verb we are focusing on( the piano) Third,Form: -T explains to the students that we use can, be able to, could to show that someone has(or doesn't have)the ability to do something..e,g,Ahmed can swim well. I am able to speak two languages. -T asks students..Did you notice that the verbs after (can,could, be able to)are always in the simple form e.g. Ahmed can swim well. Subject +auxiliary verb +simple verb. We cannot say Ahmed can swims well or Ahmed can swimming well.

Controlled Practice (2-5 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

*T asks students to Complete the sentences exercise 3.F P.46 . More than one answer may be possible. 1 I took my exam today and I................finish all the questions before the end. 2 After trying for 20 minutes, we............ open the door. 3 I’ve ................ ski since I was five years old. 4 Ellie .............. already read simple books when she was three years old. 5 I live near the sea, but I .......... swim. 6 My Spanish is getting better. I’ll ........speak to my Spanish friends on the phone soon.

Semi-Controlled Practice (5-10 minutes) • To encourage students to use the target language and have more practice.

T asks students to Make notes about these topics. 1- three things you could do when you were a child which you can’t do now. 2- two things you managed to do after a lot of hard work. 3- one thing you want to be able to do better in the future. 4- two things you didn’t manage to do last week because you had no time. Students make notes T asks the students to talk about the topics in 3h. Ask each other questions to find out more information.

Free Practice • To provide students with free practice of the target language, and correct the errors.

T asks the students to talk about the topics in 3 h. Ask each other questions to find out more information. Ss talk about the topics and have a useful discussion. T

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