Gerunds and Infinitives
A2+ - B1 level
Examine the impact of birth order
Discuss personality and its origin
Cheer someone up
Get to know a new friend
To provide clarification and practice of gerunds and infinitives in the context of communication
Procedure (73-110 minutes)
To introduce the grammar point the teacher writes on the board sentences using gerund and infinitive and underlines them. Then the teacher asks students to read the sentences and to identify the subject and the verb. Teacher explains that some verbs are followed by a gerund or an infinitive. The altogether, students read the verbs that are followed by a gerund, and infinitive o both.
Teacher prepares students by reading the title of the paragraph, and asks students about ways to make new friends, The teacher elicits some answers and then tells students to scan the first verb in each pair of verbs and decide if it should be followed by a gerund or an infinitive. Then have students complete the exercise. Teacher reviews the answers with the class, reads the first sentence and then ask students to read the completed questions aloud.
Teacher high-lights the target language by doing the activity "find the grammar". Students underline all the gerunds and infinitives in the answers of the former activity. Then the theacher reviews them with the students.
Teacher explains the correct pronunciaton of the infinitives and how the word "to" is reduced. Students notice how an unstressed "to" reduces to a shwa sound in natural speech. Students read and listen once again the audio in order to repeat the pronunciation.
Teacher introduces the conversation model by writing on the board "likes and dislikes" and elicits some students answers. Then students will listen to the model conversation in order to understand the text, this is followed by students repeating each line chorally to get the correct rhythm and intonation. Finally, students practice in pairs the same conversation.
The teacher writes under "likes and dislikes" some personal preferences using gerunds, then elicits some student to do the same. Teacher tells students to write on their notebooks their preferences and to try to describe them. Teacher asks students to write at least five examples of each category.
Finally, students personalize the model conversation by using the conversation activator and their own preferences (the ones they wrote on their notebooks).