Mahshid Shaaker Mahshid Shaaker

Habits: now and before: usually & used to
Intermediate level


In this grammar lesson, ss learn about used to and habitual actions in present and the past, using used to and usually in the context of how partners meet and other personal habits.


Abc CD, Gap fill hand out, Correction hand out, Speaking handout, Answer key

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of used to and usually in the context of present and past habits

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide fluency speaking practice in a conversation in the context of personal habits


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Ss will think of a couple they know well and how they met or any couple who met in an unusual way (some usual occasions are firstly elicited) and share their ideas in pairs and one or two interesting stories will be shared in class.

Exposure (10-12 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through an ausdio

Ss are then asked to listen to 4 people talking about where they met their partners and match each one with a place in the previous lesson. (p.43: A-D). Three new words are then elicited and the audio will be played again and ss are asked to make notes on how people met (pausing for each speaker) and share notes in pairs. The most romantic story is then voted in the class.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Two extracts from the audio are written on the board followed by 2 questions on the grammar and answers are then elicited as an open class activity.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

The form and the meaning of used to are then elicited by CCQs and ss listen to an audio to be exposed to the linked pronunciation followed by some drilling.

Controlled Practice (5-7 minutes) • To concept check prepare students for more meaningful practice

Ss are then given handouts to complete sentences, using +,_ and ? form of used to in activity a. answers are then checked in pairs and a review with the class.

Semi-Controlled Practice (6-8 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

Ss are then asked to see if highlighted part of sentences is correct and write the correct form for wrong parts. Answers are then checked in pairs and reviews in class. Answer key will be handed out and some time to check all answers.

Free Practice (10-12 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Ss are given handout and some time to choose three topics out of 6 and plan what they are going to say followed by an example about me (the awkward thing I used to do with my eye as a teenager). Pairs in groups of morning and evening person (A and B if it was difficult :)), will then talk about their personal present or past habits and their peer asks for more information. They take turns and some interesting habits will be shared with class.

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