Lucy Lucy

Speaking - obligations
Intermediate level


In this lesson, students will be practicing how to use obligations in conversations about the law, or social rules. This includes words such as "mustn't", "have to", "shouldn't" etc. They will do a number of activities that help them to integrate these words correctly and fluently into everyday speech.


Abc Handout
Abc Picture Print Outs
Abc Turkish Do's and Don'ts
Abc British Do's and Don'ts

Main Aims

  • To provide fluency and accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of laws and social etiquette

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide practice of language used for giving advice/commands in the context of laws and social etiquette


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

1. Using picture print outs, students identify which is a Turkish tradition and which is an English tradition. 2. Elicit vocabulary from students "beefeater" and "shrove Tuesday"/"pancake day" 3. Introduce topic for today - do's and don'ts

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide a model of production expected in coming tasks through reading/listening

1. Highlight that we say 'should'/'shouldn't' for manners and 'have to/mustn't' for the law EXERCISE 3b 2. Students decide if they are manners or the law 3. Compare with partner 4. Check answers as class EXERCISE 3c 5. Students make sentences in pairs

Useful Language (4-5 minutes) • To highlight and clarify useful language for coming productive tasks

1. Clarify language so far 'shouldn't', 'mustn't', 'have to' etc. 2. Students read British handout as example for their own list

Productive Task(s) (15-18 minutes) • To provide an opportunity to practice target productive skills

1. Students have five minutes to fill in a handout about Turkish cultural traditions and the 'dos and don'ts' in pairs 2. Students swap partners. One is British and the other Turkish (roleplay). Using handouts they give each other travel advice for travelling to the UK and Turkey. Then swap. 3. Students talk about what they like about each culture.

Feedback and Error Correction (7-9 minutes) • To provide feedback on students' production and use of language

1. Students talk about what their partner thinks 2. Delayed error correction

Web site designed by: Nikue