Mahshid Shaaker Mahshid Shaaker

Present perfect and past simple
Intermediate level


In this lesson ss learn about present perfect tense and its difference with past simple based on a reading text about shopping. This is followed by a controlled practice and finally an interview so as to practice the tl through speaking.


Abc Handout 1,2 (coursebook), CD, Images

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification, review and practice of present perfect and past simple tenses in the context of arguing

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide gist and detailed reading practice using a text about an argument in the context of argument


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

Show them some images of fighting, arguing, discussing and elicit them. Focus ss on the handout 1 and ask them to guess what is the relationship between the girl and the boy. Then I ask them to guess what are they doing? Is it s a friendly chat? What is it on the boy's hand? What are they talking about?

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a reading text

Ss read the conversation quickly (gist reading) and answer what are they talking about and what tenses are we going about to talk today? Ss are then asked to read the fill in gaps (detailed reading), using given verbs in either simple past or present perfect. Answers are then checked in pairs and then in class.

Highlighting (3-5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

Ss answer questions in task c in pairs and share them in class.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

The 3 occasions where we use present perfect tense are elicited on the board followed by the formula They are then asked to think about what is the difference between the two tenses in pairs and in class oh, look, it has snowed /John has passed away if they only said past actions with an effect in future

Controlled Practice (10-12 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

CCQs: Do we use present perfect for past? yes Is the time/place specific? no Where do the adverbs normally go? before the verb Which adverb is an exception? yet, at the end How do we make past participle with regular verbs? +ed What if it is not regular? :) we use our memory Is there a way to know if a verb is regular or irregular? No (Handout 3 for irregular verbs list) Ss are then asked to fill gaps and tick/cross in tasks a&b, using present perfect and adverbs. They then check the answers in pairs and some random students read sentences in class (error correction if needed)

Free Practice (10-12 minutes) • Students with freely practice the target language

Ss focus on the questionnaire and examples in bubble speeches (handout 2) and are asked to role play the interview in pairs, taking turns. Some feedback questions will be then asked from the class

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