Kimberly Arruda Kimberly Arruda

Second conditional
Pre-intermediate English /A2 level


In this lesson, students will be taught the second conditional using if clause and main clause in the context of "If...., I would/wouldn't" statements with review of first conditional using if and will clauses. Students will get practice in speaking for fluency and accuracy through sentence construction using hypothetical situations (unreal).


Abc Cut-ups of hypothetical situations
Abc What do you say?

Main Aims

  • To provide students with grammar in the form of the second conditional in the context of hypothetical situations (unreal) using if and would/wouldn't clauses.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To give students practice in speaking for fluency and accuracy in the context of "what would you do" questions.


Warmer/Lead-in (5-8 minutes) • To provide students with the context of the lesson

T uses a story about a thief in the Metro Station to set the context and engage the students. I will elicit from Ss what they would have done in that situation. "If this was you, what would you do?"

Second conditional --would/wouldn't using if clause. (10-12 minutes) • To review first conditional and introduce the second conditional to Ss and give them opportunity in speaking for fluency and accuracy in the context of hypothetical ideas/situations.

T will quickly review first conditional using if/when/before/after with will clause. Sample sentence will be shown. i.e., If I miss the bus, I will take the Metro. T will introduce on WB the second conditional--would/wouldn't with explanation to Ss about use ---unreal situations/unlikely to happen/nearly impossible/improbable. (0 - 1% chance) Use of cline to show probability difference between 1st and 2nd conditional. Example: If I won the lottery, I would (I'd) buy a new car. If + I + past simple, I + would (I'd) + verb base form Note: The two clauses can be switched with comma removed. T will give HO to use would/wouldn't. Ss will pair up and check their answers. WCF

Cut-ups to construct conversations (10-12 minutes) • To get Ss to create their own sentences using second conditional using hypothetical situations to practice speaking for fluency and accuracy.

Ss will pair up. T will give cut-ups to paired students to create their own dialogue using hypothetical situations. Students will have sentence prompt to create their dialogue. (I would..... .) Example: (prompt words) miss your bus. I would..... take the next bus.

Short story with choose the correct response sentence. (10-12 minutes) • To give students opportunity to use first and second conditionals together in the form of a worksheet.

T will give Ss a HO with hypothetical situation texts for students to choose the correct response sentence. T will demo #1 on the WB. ICQ's to clarify instructions. Ss will pair up and discuss their answers. T will review WC.

Student mingle with "Find someone who...." exercise (5-8 minutes) • To get Ss speaking for accuracy and fluency in class mingle using 3 "what would you do?" hypothetical situations.

T will give Ss a Find someone who .... worksheet with 3 hypothetical situations and Ss will mingle asking each other, "What would you do if.....", with students using "I would ......" responses. Students will decide on the response.

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