Carrie Dohe Carrie Dohe

Pre-intermediate level


In this lesson, sts will learn how to use comparative adjectives. First, we will discuss different cities in Turkey. Then I will introduce them to the grammar of comparatives, reviewing the meaning, form and pronunciation. After that, they will practice the TL in a controlled gap-fill exercise. Then they will learn modifiers and add those to the sentences on their HO. In conclusion, they will discuss with a partner two different cities to recommend one as a tourist spot, and then compare their recommendation to the pair next to them.


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Main Aims

  • To provide sts with an overview and practice of comparative adjectives in the context of discussing cities.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide practice for speaking with accuracy.


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students in the topic of Turkey

1. Show a map of turkey,36.7789685,6z/data=!4m2!3m1!1s0x14b0155c964f2671:0x40d9dbd42a625f2a 2. Ask sts to work in groups and discuss each city and come up with a set of adjectives to describe each one 3. Then elicit the adjectives and put them up on the WB. Add a few as necessary.

Exposure (4-5 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

1. Give sts a short, T/F questionnaire and have them work in pairs. 2. Check answers with neighboring pair. 3. Discuss answers quickly.

Highlighting (4-5 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

1. Use a series of CCQs to illustrate the meaning of comparison. 2. Ask sts to underline the comparatives in the sentences of the T/F quiz. Are they the same or different? 3. Put them on the WB in groups according to the pattern as preparation for grammar explanation.

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

1. Point to specific adjectives that can act as the models for the grammar: small, big, dirty, expensive 2. Ask CCQs to get sts to form comparisons between the two cities of Istanbul and Izmir (see language analysis). 3. Write on WB, “Istanbul is _____ than Izmir.” “Izmir is _______ than Istanbul.” 4. Erase the other adjectives and write these four on the WB to the side, then draw a blank to fill in the comparative form. Try eliciting the form from the sts. Write the formula for each form next on the appropriate line. (See language analysis for WB.) 5. Then finish off by reviewing/demonstrating the irregulars good, bad and far. 6. Review pronunciation and drill a few sentences.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

1. Give HO of sentences with adjectives sts can use to fill in the blank. These are comparisons of different cities outside of Turkey. The sts have to write the correct form of each comparative. 2. The sts then peer-check. 3. When finished, the T gives them the answer key to check on their own.

Semi-Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

1. Give sts HO with sentences just containing two city names 2. Tell them they have to create their own sentences. 3. Do peer check for accuracy.

Clarification (3-4 minutes) • To clarify how to use modifiers

This exercise is optional depending on time constraints. 1. Draw three circles on the WB of three different sizes. 2. Ask the sts for the basic comparative sentence. 3. Then try to elicit though hand gestures “a little” and “a lot”. 4. Put these words on the cline and add “a bit” “slightly” and “much.” 5. Erase the pictures and draw three triangles. Get sts to create sentences with the modifiers. 6. Drill pronunciation. 7. Have sts add modifiers to their HO sentences. 8. Peer-check and review orally.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

1. Hand out slips of paper with the names of two cities on them. Tell them I can only travel to one city and they need to tell me which one is better. 2. Have pairs work together to discuss and compare two different cities. 3. They can then compare their choice with the choice of the pair next to them and come up with one city. 4. Class ends with open discussion of the recommendations.

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