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Introducing the Past Simple tense
Elementary level


In this lesson, students will practice the past simple tense and some irregular verbs. Students will also will practice reading skill through skimming and scanning.


No materials added to this plan yet.

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of the past simple in context of life a historical figure.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide practice of reading in the context of the life of Mandela


Warmer/Lead-in (3-5 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

I will hang some pictures of historical figures on the board and elicit from them the figures name and jobs. I will hang a photo Mandela and ask them about his name and what do they know about him. I will tell students that they are going to know more information about Mandela today.

Exposure (8-10 minutes) • to ensure Ls are comfortable with the text before exploiting it for language.

I will check if the Ss know the difficult words in the reading passage by giving them a matching exercise. I will let them check their answers in pairs and then with the whole class. After that I will drill the words. I will give the student the text and ask them to read it carefully to find the answers of the Qs below, I will ask them to check in pairs when they are finished, then I will check with them as a whole class.

Highlighting (2-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

I will write a sentence from the text on the board, he finished university in 1943. I will ask CCQ: is the action in the past?, is the action finished?, do we know when it was finished?

Clarification (8-10 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

I will instruct ss to exercise 2 that they will read the text and find the Past Simple tense of the verbs in the boxes. I will give them a clarification by doing the first example by myself. when they are finished I will ask them to check in pairs and then I will draw a table on the board and ask them to fill it with their answers. I will highlight the verbs endings for 'study, marry, stay' (consonant + y: -ied, vowel + y: -ed). I will clean the board, and drill the verbs then ask them to repeat.

Controlled Practice (8-10 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

I will chest the paper of exercise 3 and explain to the students that they are going to fill the gaps by the words in the table. when they are done, I will ask them to check in pairs then I will provide them with a key answer.

Free Practice (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

I will ask students to talk about one of their family members based on their past. I will listen to the students and take notes about their performance.

Feedback • to deal with students mistake on the board

I will first praise the students' performance and then I will write their mistakes on the board and ask them to correct these mistakes.

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