Grammar: Obligation and Permission (Language Focus)
To provide clarification and practice of obligation and permission phrases in the context of instructional signs.
To provide listening to modal verbs and sts practice repeating them.
To provide opportunity for writing their own rules using expressions of obligation and permission.
Procedure (45-59 minutes)
T talks about a friend who made an accident because he didn't stop when the traffic sign is red. T asks questions and elicit the situation.
Sts read varied signs from different places and T asks them questions to elicit grammar points of obligation and permission.
T draws attention to the target language of obligation and highlights the use of each expressions and its degree.
PHONOLOGY: Problem: Sts may pronounce the first 't' in 'mustn't' Solution: T says that it is silent. MEANING : Problem 1: Sts may think that 'can' indicates ability. Solution: T says that it is about permission. Problem 2: Sts may not know the degree of prohibition and. Solution 2: T explains that on the board. Have to / don't have to: strong obligation (possibly from outside) Children have to go to school. (sometimes 'have got to') Must / mustn't: strong obligation (possibly based on the speaker's opinion) Should / shouldn't: mild obligation or advice FORM Problem: Sts may write the negative for 'have to' as 'haven't to' and are 'allowed to' as 'are allowed not to' Solution: T writes some sentences on the board and explains where 'not' is put.
Sts complete sentences with the appropriate verbs working in pairs.
T asks sts to think of a certain place the visited and what signs they read.
Sts work working individually writing sentences or a list of rules for a place they visited. Then, his partner guesses the place.