Colin Colin

Beginner level


Main Aims

  • To provide writing and fluency-speaking practice using the simple past in negative and question form, in the context of travel and holidays.

Subsidiary Aims

  • to practice reading for specific information


Intro / Warmer (1-3 minutes) • To re-introduce the theme of travel and holidays from last lesson

Elicit some past tense verbs that we use when talking about holidays. (Stayed, Visited, Went, Travelled, Took Photos, Went Sightseeing, Rented a Car) Ask if students can give the negative form of a verb. (if not, move on to reading and have them try to find an example in the text)

Reading Task (6-7 minutes) • To get students to practice reading for specific information (verbs)

Tell students to re-read the text from the last lesson. Instruct them to underline 5 verbs; 3 positive and 2 negative. (If they could not successfully use the negative form previously, encourage them to search for it in the text, do not give it yet) Give the students a 4 minute time limit. After 4 minutes, have students talk to their neighbor about the verbs they found. Ask students to volunteer answers from each text. Write negative verb examples on the board: "I didn't stay in a hotel" "We didn't go on holiday" "I didn't swim"

Grammar 1 - Past Simple; Negative Form (3-4 minutes) • To clarify and demonstrate the negative form of the past simple

Stick the (didn't = did not) paper to the board above the sample sentences (see WB drawing). Give the remaining two papers to students and have them put them up in the appropriate place. Ask class if they are correct. Explain the form. Elicit other model sentences. CCQ - "Is this now, or in the past?" Past. CCQ - "The verb is in the present, what word tells us this is the past?" Did. CCQ - "Did is the past for of what verb?" Do.

Grammar Writing Exercise 1 (5-6 minutes) • To get students to successfully write sentences in the negative form of past simple.

Chest HO. ICQ - "What type of sentences are we going to write?" Negative, Past. ICQ / gesture - "Do you open the handout?" No, do not open. "If you don't know all the words, no problem. Just make the verbs negative" "Ask your partner for help if you need it." Give students 4-5 minutes to complete the sentences. Monitor to make sure students are writing sentences correctly. Instruct them to check their answers.

Grammar 2 - Past Simple; Question Forms (3-4 minutes) • To clarify and demonstrate the question forms of the past simple

Use scaffolding, start with Yes / No questions. "How do we ask questions about a holiday?" "What if I want to know if you went on holiday, how do I find out?" Elicit: " ___ ___ (did you) go on holiday?" "___ ___ (did you) stay in a hotel?" "___ ___ (did you) travel by plane?" PUT WB GRAMMAR UP Elicit Wh- questions. "What else can we ask to get more information?" "___ did you stay?" "___ (points to clock) did you go to Ankara?" "___ did you get there? By bus, car, or boat?" Add the Wh- words to the form for when asking for more specific information.

Grammar Writing Exercise 2 (4-6 minutes) • To get students to form questions using the past simple

Give students HO. ICQ - "What are we writing?" Questions. CCQ - "Are questions positive or negative?" CCQ ' "What type of question or we asking? wh- or yes / no?" Yes / no. Draw attention to the irregular verbs, ask Ss to identify any.

Grammar 3 - Answering questions (2-3 minutes) • To clarify how to answer questions in the past simple.

"How do we answer the questions?" "Did you go on holiday last year?" Gesture :listening: to elicit a response Elicit yes or no. "Where did you go on your last holiday?" Elicit "I went to ____" "How did you travel there?" Elicit "I travelled by (plane)"

Drilling / Speaking Practice (2-3 minutes) • To get students to successfully pronounce the TL

Drill the opening for the FSW dialogue, and some other questions and answers. "Did you go on holiday last year?" "Yes, I did / No, I didn't" "How did you travel there?" "I travelled by plane" "Where did you stay?" "I stayed at a hotel" "What did you see?" "I saw " "Who did you visit?"

FSW Pre Teach (2-3 minutes) • To clarify terms used in the FSW activity

pronunciation: (write numbers on WB) 13,000 km 15,000 photos 4,000 miles Show photo of elephant and dolphin. "Who is the american president?" Barrack Obama.

Find Someone Who (10-15 minutes) • To get students to produce the TL (accuracy speaking) by asking questions and answering negatively or affirmatively.

Chest HO. Tell students to read about "their" holiday. 3-4 minutes. WB: (Black)Where did you go on holiday last year? (Blue) I went to... (Black) Did you...? (Blue) Yes, I did / No, I didn't. Instruct students to ask the questions on the board and from the first HO to discover which student went on which holiday.

Error Correction (3-5 minutes) • to correct errors made during previous activity in order to prevent fossilization of errors.

Write down (WB) errors heard during monitoring of Find Someone Who. Elicit proper grammatical form.

Extra Activity (4-5 minutes) • To get students to practice fluency speaking about their favorite holiday as a child.

Instruct students to think about a family holiday when they were a child. Tell them to ask and answer questions about their favorite childhood holiday with their partner.

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