Kimberly Arruda Kimberly Arruda

Present tense in future time clauses
Pre-intermediate level


Grammar lesson--present tense in future time clauses, using if, when, after and before with will in the main clause of the sentence.


Abc Email from Emily to her friend
Abc HO Exercise 1 Complete the text. Exercise 2 Sentences with prompt words Exercise 4 sentences

Main Aims

  • To introduce students to the use of present tense in future time clauses using if, when, before and after and will in the main clause through the context of an email from Emily.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide students with practice in speaking for accuracy and fluency in the context of an email from a girl named Emily.


Warmer/Lead-in (5-7 minutes) • To set the lesson context and engage students with a picture of a girl named Emily.

I will introduce Emily through a picture and ask the students to make predictions of who she is and what her story is. I will ask them to write three sentences that they believe to be true about Emily. I will offer key words to guide their sentences. How old do you think she is? Is she a student? Does she work? Where is she from? Is she married or single? Does she look friendly or shy?

Predictions/Email about Emily to introduce TL. (5-10 minutes) • To prepare students for introduction of the TL through a story about Emily

Students will read an email from Emily to her friend. They will confirm/dismiss their earlier predictions about who they thought she was. In PW, they will discuss how many of their predictions were correct. I will verbally elicit through one sentence..."what do we know about Emily?". T will write key facts on the board.

Grammar: Present tense in future time clauses (first conditional) (10-15 minutes) • To introduce to students the use of if, when, before and after using will in the main clause of the sentence.

T will introduce present tense verbs (if, when, before and after using will in the main clause of the sentence) Examples: "if you plant the seed, the flowers will grow", "if you believe it, it will happen", "if you work hard, you will be successful", "when April comes, the flowers will grow", "before it gets too late, I will finish my work", "before he goes home, he will stop for milk", "after the rain, the sun will shine". T will use WB to illustrate the rule for ..if, when, before and after.. with will in the main clause, and point out that the subsidiary clause can also come after the main clause. Box diagram. First conditional is used when there is a REAL POSSIBILITY OF HAPPENING. T will use if CONDITION then RESULT occurs. T will elicit from students, "if I go to ........., I will ........" T will use CCQ's to check for understanding. i.e., If I go to the market, I will buy milk. If + I go(V1), I + will +buy (V1) also....I will buy milk if I go to the market. Interchangeable clauses. CCQ's: did I go to the market? no did I buy milk? no will I buy milk? yes am I planning on going to the market? maybe T will now refer to the email from Emily to her friend and have students in pairs/groups underline first conditional sentences. T will elicit sentences. WCF

Complete the text HO (8-10 minutes) • To give students practice in using TL and speaking for fluency and accuracy

T will pair/group students to complete exercise 1. T will elicit sentences from Ss through WCF and review/reinforce grammar. T will give CCQ's to ensure understanding.

Exercise 2--Sentences (8-10 minutes) • To provide students with practice in sentence construction using TL

T will have Ss make sentences out of prompt words. Ss will pair up and read/check their sentences. T will review sentences verbally. WCF.

Exercıse 4 sentences (5-7 minutes) • To provide Ss with practice in writing using grammar and practice for speaking fluency.

Ss will write sentences using exercise 4 suggestions. Ss wıll read their sentences to eachother in pairs.

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