Ozan Can Yılmaz Ozan Can Yılmaz

Third Conditionals
Intermediate level


In this lesson, the students will be engaged of diverse activities that are designed to introduce the lesson and present the topic through pictures and brainstorming. The teacher will use the context of history to teach third conditionals and ask the learners to complete sentences and discuss the historical events in both groups and pairs.


Main Aims

  • To provide clarification and practice of third conditional in the context of history

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a discussion in the context of history


Stage 1(Lead-in) (3-5 minutes) • To introduce the lesson through pictures and brainstorming.

Brainstorm events that have changed the course of history dramatically. You could use pictures for this of famous people or inventions. This works better if the brainstorm is directed to personalise to include events relating directly to the students. Write these on the board and then elicit the changes that would have occurred had these events not happened. This should elicit the 3rd conditional.

Stage 2 (3-5 minutes) • To teach the meaning, form and pronunciation.

The teacher will use some CQs to teach the meaning and then put the example sentence on the whiteboard. Example: If Bell hadn’t invented the telephone, I wouldn’t have talked to my friend last night. The teacher will provide the form of the sentence by eliciting the learners and then teach the pronunciation by modelling and drilling. The teach may also use fingers to clarify the contraction.

Stage 3 (3-5 minutes) • To provide a controlled exercise through matching sentences.

The teacher will give the students a handout in which third condition senteces are given. They will be asked to match the if clause sentences with their relevances. The learners will be expected to work alone and then with a partner to compare answers. The teacher will monitor and give delayed feedback if needed.

Stage 4 (5-10 minutes) • To provide the learners an exersice where they can make their own sentences of third conditional.

Give out the worksheet and ask learners to complete the sentences alone with their own ideas. Set a time limit and monitor the students work. When learners have finished put them into pairs depending on the class size. They can then compare ideas and discuss together. The teacher will monitor and ask the students to share some of their ideas with the whole class.

Stage 5 (5-10 minutes) • To provide a pair work for further written practise of third conditional

The teacher will ask the following question: Imagine you could have met one of the people below before they became famous. What would you have said or done? The students will be expected to work with a partner and go through the list together. The teacher will monitor and pick up some points where the students are having problem. After all, the teacher will give delayed feedback and may ask the following question: Can you think of any other people you might have liked to talk to, and what you would have wanted to say?

Stage 6 (Follow-up) (5-10 minutes) • To provide an activity that enables the learners to discuss through the points given in the handout.

In this stage, the teacher will first give the handouts and then ask the following question: Imagine you had to make the following real difficult decisions from history. Choose a few and tell your partner what you would have decided. Teacher will provide an example sentence: If I had waited until the end of WWI, It would have been too late. While the learners are working with a partner, the teacher will monitor and pick up some points. In this activity, In this freer activity, the students are expected to work on the points and then share their ideas in a group work. After they are done with their partner, the teacher will ask them to share some of their ideas in a group. If time permits, the teacher may also ask the following question: What do you think might have happened if the opposite decisions were taken?

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