Salma M Ahmad Salma M Ahmad

Present Perfect- Yet, just, already.
Intermediate level


in this lesson, I'm going to start by presenting the present perfect tense, in porsitive, negative, and question form. after that, the students will practice the different forms with the listening tasks. Finally, there will be freer practices at the end to use all the forms.


Abc Whiteboard
Abc student's book
Abc free activity

Main Aims

  • To provide clarification of the present perfect(Yet, already, just) and both negative and question forms, in the context of Family issues.

Subsidiary Aims

  • To provide accuracy speaking practice in a conversation in the context of present perfect.


Warmer/Lead-in (2-3 minutes) • To set lesson context and engage students

.I will start the lesson with the statement that " I have lost my passport"

Exposure (2-3 minutes) • To provide context for the target language through a text or situation

I will ask the students more about the tense with CCQ questions. -when did I lose my passport? (past) - Did I find the passport? (no)

Highlighting (3-4 minutes) • To draw students' attention to the target language

-I will ask the students to repeat the sentence and then write it on the board. and finally, I will draw a timeline to show them how the action started and when it finished.

Clarification (4-5 minutes) • To clarify the meaning, form and pronunciation of the target language

I will draw a table with different forms of the present perfect (negative and question). and have some examples and ask the students to add more examples.

Controlled Practice 1 (5-7 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

the students will be prepared for the first listening activity with the instructions and they listen for twice. the first time to understand the task and the second time to answer and say what each dialogue was about. they will work in pairs and check their answers in pairs.

Controlled Practice 2 (4-5 minutes) • To concept check and prepare students for more meaningful practice

They will complete the dialogue they heard earlier.

Highlighting (6-5 minutes) • to draw their attention to (yet, just, already)

in the exercise, they have to underline (Yet, just, already), can you guess what they mean? I will give them more information about these three words through examples * Have you finished yet? (Until now) and that yet only comes at the end of the sentence and with negative and question forms. *I have just cleared the floor. (is to say that something had recently happened). * I have already done my homework. (something happened before now and it happened earlier than the question). p. 132

Semi-Controlled Practice (4-5 minutes) • To concept check further and prepare students for free practice

they will listen to the audio provided by the book and try to change all the positive forms to negative, and they will check their answers in pairs. 2,18

Free practice 1 (6-6 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

I will show them a picture for one minute they will have to memorize it, They will work individually and will have to check the list and decide whether to has already done the action or hasn't done the action yet. *He has already made the bed. *He hasn't made the bed yet.

Free Practice (Find someone who) (10-7 minutes) • To provide students with free practice of the target language

Find someone who has eaten a frog! THE QUESTION - Have you eaten a frog? THE ANSWER: - Selma has eaten a frog. - No one in the class has eaten a frog.

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