Passive voice Grammar
To provide clarification of Passive voice in the context of "The Green Wall of China"
To provide accuracy speaking practice (in "What has been added" game) in Passive voice
Procedure (39-54 minutes)
T introduces the main stages of the lesson: revise the text from the previous lesson, grammar focus, a game at the end. T points at the whiteboard with the tree on it and says “This tree has been made to help you revise the text. There are 10 lemons with numbers on the tree. 7 of them contain the information from the text. 3 numbers are extra. You work in 2 groups - a pink group and a blue group. Each group receives the text (HO1 to each S) and a set of cards, you have 3 minutes to scan the text and find out which number belongs to which card. You can attach only one card to each number. For example, the pink team was the first to attach a card to number 7, this means that the blue team cannot attach a card to this number anymore. The team that attached the highest number of the cards wins." T explains - when the time if over, Ss will hear the sound (gong audio). During the game, T monitors whether Ss notice PV constructions (e.g. Ss speak them out). ICQ: - do we work in groups or individually? (in groups) - how much time do you have to complete the task? (3 mins) - do you stop playing when you hear the gong? (yes) - can we attach a card to the number if there is already a card attached? (no, one number-one card) - how many extra numbers do we have? (3) When the game is over, T says: "These three extra numbers contain the information about me, you should guess what they mean". Ss guess.
Each S receives HO2. T tells Ss to look at Grammar exercise A. Ss are called on at random to give the answers.
Each S receives HO3 to work with CCQ. Ss work in pairs. ICQ: - do we work individually or in pairs? (in pairs) - how much time do we have to complete the task? (3 mins) - do we stop working when we hear the gong? (yes) T monitors, in 5 mins Ss are called on at random to give the answers. If Ss experience difficulties, T provides clarification.
Ss are split into 2 (or 4) groups. Ss use HO1 (text) and HO2 (exercise B). Ss have to find and underline the examples of the PV in the text. The groups compete - which group finds more examples during the given time. In 3 mins, T checks the number of the examples found. ICQ: - do we work individually or in groups? (in groups) - how much time do we have to complete the task? (3 mins) - do we stop working when we hear the gong? (yes) T draws attention to get-passive voice ("Ordinary people have got involved too") and impersonal passive voice ("It is also believed..."). Clarification 4 mins. Clarification of get-passive: In get-passive voice, the verb “get” replaces the verb “be” and is used as the auxiliary verb. Get-passive voice can be used only with action verbs (as opposed to stative): get involved, get married BUT NOT get known, get believed. Sometimes, get-passive clarifies the difference between the action and the state: People got involved (action) VS People were involved (state). Clarification of impersonal passive: it is used with some intransitive verbs of perception (know, believe, notice, say, think) when the agent is unknown or unclear.
HO2, Grammar exercise C. Individual work. T gives answers on the board. ICQ: - do we work individually or in groups? (individually) - how much time do we have to complete the task? (3 mins) - do we stop working when we hear the gong? (yes)
Ss work in groups (2 or 4). Each group receives a set of jumbled sentences in PV (HO4, 4 sentences from the text "The Green Wall of China", originally in Active). In HO4, the sentences are given in Active voice, Ss should turn them into PV interrogative form. Ss have 3 mins to rearrange the words. Then Ss have 3 mins to mingle and check the answers. İCQ: - do we work individually or in groups? (in groups) - do we make Active or Passive voice sentences? (Passive) - do we form affirmative or interrogative sentences? (interrogative) - how much time do we have to complete the task? (3 mins) - do we stop working when we hear the gong? (yes) - do we start mingling before the teacher says "Now you can mingle"? (no)
The whiteboard is devided into 2 parts. Ss are split into 2 groups, each group receives dry erase markers. T starts playing a song "Lemon tree", while the song is playing, Ss draw a tree and what else they hear in the song. When T stops the music, Ss stop drawing. Then one S leaves a class for 30 sec. While the S is outside, the opposite group adds something on the picture of the S's group. S comes back and has to guess what has been added. S has to use Passive voice to descrive what has been added. Before the game starts, T gives examples of the verbs to use and examples of sentences: "Two lemons have been removed". "A child has been drawn". Verbs: add, picture, erase, present, portray, remove, draw, pencil, sketch. Ss will take turns to guess the objects, each Ss has 30 seconds to guess.