TP 3A - Unit 3C - "Home Town"
To introduce and give practice in using quantifiers.
To practice speaking while using quantifiers.
Procedure (44-67 minutes)
Write the words "Flats" and "Pollution" on the board. Ask, "What part of speech are these words?" (Noun). Ask, "How many flats are in your building? Can we count this?" (Yes, in my building, there are 6 flats.) Ask, "How much pollution is there in Istanbul? Can we count this?" (No, we cannot use a number to express pollution.) Chest HO 1, explaining that students need to decide if each noun can be counted or not. Write "C" for countable, or "UC" for uncountable. Give students HO 1. Instruct them to work in pairs to complete the handout. Monitor students to see if they are getting the answers easily or not. Hint if needed: Often times, if the noun ends in "-s" (plural), it can be counted. Hand out answer key to HO 1, instruct students to check and correct their answers. Ask for questions or items that were incorrect.
On WB: Countable Nouns: Restaurant. Singular - one restaurant (its a new restaurant.) Plural - two(+) restaurants (my street has 5 restaurants.) Uncountable Nouns: Traffic. Only singular - traffic (Istanbul has too much traffic.) Both Countable and Uncountable Nouns: Crime. Countable - the police solved (a crime / ten crimes); Uncountable - Crime is bad for a city.
Erase the board. Instruct students to work with a partner and write 4 sentences about Istanbul, using two countable nouns and two uncountable nouns from HO 1. Sentences must start with (Written on WB) "In Istanbul there (are / aren't) / (is / isn't)..." or "Istanbul has / doesn't have..." Elicit examples from students. If student's use quantifiers, write examples on the board and underline quantifiers - use as examples for next stage. If not, explain that something is missing from the sentences, and move on to next stage.
(Use student's example sentences to explain quantifiers) i.e. WB: "Istanbul has cars." This sentence is true, but it doesn't give us much information. We don't know if Istanbul has 2 cars, or 10 million cars. "Istanbul has a lot of cars." We can expect to see cars frequently. "Istanbul has too many cars." We can expect to see cars all over, and traffic jams. Underline the quantifiers. Do some drilling using other examples. "These words are called quantifiers..."
WB: Quantifiers --> Quantity = amount. ... Quantifier + (adjective) + Noun... Ex: (Quantifiers underlined) Many flats (is this countable or uncountable? countable) A lot of cheap restaurants (is this countable or uncountable? countable) not much violent crime (is this countable or uncountable? in this case, uncountable)
Instruct students to write down as many simple (incomplete) sentences as they can think of using quantifiers that they know. During this exercise I will write on the WB for the next stage
WB: Two columns; "used with plural countable nouns" and "used with uncountable nouns", each with quantifiers below. Give students a card with a noun written on it, ask them to put it on the board in the appropriate column. Ask students if they are all correct, ask them to correct any mistakes.
Instruct students to work with their partner and circle the correct quantifier in each sentence on HO 2. Hand out answer key to check answers.
Instruct the students to write several sentences about their favorite city other than Istanbul. Use the WB for reference, but encourage them to use other nouns. ICQ - "What parts of speech should your sentence include?" (A quantifier and a noun)
Instruct students to tell their partner about their favorite city using the sentences that they wrote.
Ask students questions using a quantifier, and get them to respond appropriately. Have all students repeat the correct answer chorally. "How many cars are in Istanbul?" (Istanbul has a lot of cars) (Istanbul has too many cars) "Are there many birds by the steps at Yenicami?" (There are many birds) (There are a lot of birds) "Does Istanbul have a lot of green areas?" (Not many) (not enough) "Does Istanbul have enough pharmacies?" (a lot of) (too many)